工作经历

  • now 2013

    教授

    地球科学与环境工程学院
    西南交通大学

  • 2013 1998

    教授

    测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室
    武汉大学

  • 2005/03 2005/01

    Tan Chin Tuan访问学者

    新加坡南洋理工大学

  • 2004/03 2003/09

    裘搓基金访问学者

    香港中文大学

  • 1998 1997

    副教授

    测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室
    武汉大学

  • 1998/06 1997/12

    访问研究员

    香港理工大学

  • 1992/08 1989/04

    助教

    西南交通大学

教育经历

  • 1997/05 1995/05

    博士后

    测绘学博士后流动站
    武汉大学

  • 1995/05 1992/09

    博士研究生

    铁道工程专业
    北方交通大学

  • 1989/04 1986/09

    硕士研究生

    铁道工程专业
    西南交通大学

  • 1986/07 1982/09

    本科生

    铁道航空勘测专业
    西南交通大学

荣获奖励

  • 2016
    塔尔伯特·艾布拉姆斯优秀奖(Second Honorable Mention)

    该奖项由美国摄影测量与遥感学会(ASPRS),从上年度PE&RS期刊中,选取三篇摄影测量领域最具理论与实践意义的热点论文,获奖论文为:

    Hu, H., Zhu, Q., Du, Z., Zhang, Y., Ding, Y., 2015. Reliable spatial relationship constrained feature point matching of oblique aerial images. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 81 (1), 49-58.

  • 2015
    国家科技进步二等奖(排名第4)
    李成名,李维森,邵振峰,朱庆,钟耳顺,张新长,陈军,沈涛,刘晓丽,张叶廷,家数字城市地理空间框架技术体系构建与应用
  • 2014
    四川省测绘学会先进工作者
  • 2014
    高校GIS创新人物奖
    高校GIS论坛颁发
  • 2014
    约翰戴维森主席奖
    ASPRS最具实用价值论文奖第三名,Hu, H., Zhu, Q., Du, Z., Zhang, Y., Ding, Y., 2015. Reliable spatial relationship constrained feature point matching of oblique aerial images. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 81 (1), 49-58.
  • 2014
    测绘科技进步一等奖(排名第四)
    谢维挺,王芳,曹振宇,朱庆,张力,…,省级应急测绘指挥平台构建与研究
  • 2014
    四川省科技进步二等奖(排名第四)
    谢维挺,王芳,曹振宇,朱庆,…,省级应急测绘指挥平台构建与研究
  • 2014
    高等学校科学研究优秀成果奖(科学技术)自然科学奖二等奖(排名第五)
    林珲,闾国年,龚建华,游雄,朱庆,陈旻,胡明远,徐丙立,朱军,温永宁,面向地理实验的虚拟地理环境理论与方法研究
  • 2014
    四川省高层次人才引进“千人计划”
    四川省特聘专家(川特聘第325号),中共四川省委组织部,四川省人力资源和社会保障厅
  • 2013
    测绘科技进步一等奖(排名第一)
    朱庆,眭海刚,刘刚,郑文庭,李宗华,刘学军,张叶廷,杜志强,吴冲龙,彭明军,朱军,邵振峰,高山,许伟平,何珍文,三维地理信息系统平台软件与示范应用
  • 2013
    湖北省技术发明奖二等奖(排名第一)
    朱庆、眭海刚、郑文庭、李宗华、张叶廷、杜志强,三维地理信息系统关键技术及平台,2013F-030-2-008-008-R01,颁发单位:湖北省人民政府
  • 2013
    武汉市科技进步奖
    武汉市人民政府授予“全景式公路设计与安全分析系统”
  • 2011
    入选“领跑者5000,中国精品科技期刊顶尖学术论文”
    龚俊,朱庆,张叶廷,李晓明,周东波,2011,顾及多细节层次的三维R树索引扩展方法,测绘学报,40(2): 249-255
  • 2009
    新世纪百千万人才工程国家级人选
    证书编号:2009-360-114
  • 2009
    长江学者
    教育部第十批长江学者特聘教授
  • 2008
    珞珈学者
    武汉大学“珞珈学者”特聘教授
  • 2008
    高等学校科学研究优秀成果奖(科学技术)自然科学奖一等奖(排名第三)
    龚健雅,张良培,朱庆,廖明生,陈晓玲,空间信息智能处理、建模和集成分析的理论与方法,2008-028
  • 2008
    测绘科技进步一等奖(排名第三)
    朱宜萱,许妙忠,朱庆,杨杰,杜志强,李欣,陈智勇,江万寿,张叶廷,仿唐木构建筑群现代工程监理与真三维数字建筑信息系统的研制,2008-01-01-05
  • 2008
    “第六届中国科协期刊优秀学术论文”二等奖(排名第一)
    朱庆,赵杰,钟正,眭海刚,基于规则格网DEM的地形特征提取算法,测绘学报,33(1): 77-82
  • 2006
    夏坚白院士测绘事业创业奖
    第五届夏坚白院士测绘事业创业奖 2006-02-020
  • 2005
    国公路学会科学技术奖二等奖(排名第六)
    陈楚江、杨季湘、赵喜安、邓涛、孟黔灵、朱庆、余绍淮、许斌、宋宏伟,Ikonos卫星图像在西藏墨脱公路勘察设计中的应用研究
  • 2004
    国家自然科学二等奖(排名第三)
    陈军、李志林、朱庆、蒋捷、王东华,数字地表模型的多维动态构模研究
  • 2003
    测绘科技进步一等奖(排名第三)
    陈军、李志林、朱庆、蒋捷、李清泉、赵亮、赵学胜、孙敏、李永礼、李成名,多维动态空间数据模型与方法,2003-01-01-03
  • 2003
    测绘科技进步一等奖(排名第八)
    基于J2EE的WebGIS平台软件GeoSurf
  • 2002
    《全国普通高等学校优秀教材》二等奖
    教育部授予《数字高程模型》一书
  • 2001
    国家科技进步二等奖(排名第七)
    李德仁、龚健雅、梁宜希、周一、朱欣焰、叶炳楷、朱庆、黄俊韬、张玉平、王伟,国产GIS基础软件吉奥之星的研制与工程应用,J-210-2-13-R07
  • 2001
    信息产业重大技术发明奖(排名第四)
    李德仁、龚健雅、朱欣焰、朱庆、黄俊韬、王伟,地理信息系统基础软件——吉奥之星,0106006
  • 1999
    国家测绘科技进步一等奖(排名第八)
    建立省级基础地理信息系统示范工程研究

团队成员

\

吴波

副教授

个人主页

张叶廷

副教授

个人主页

杜志强

副教授

个人主页

丁雨淋

副研究员

发送邮件

胡翰

博士后

发送邮件

小组成员

指导博士研究生48名(毕业33名)、硕士研究生121名(毕业107名)、博士后5名。其中,博士生李渊赢得2008年国际摄影测量与遥感大会最佳青年论文奖、博士生吴波的学位论文2008年被评为全国优秀博士学位论文提名论文、博士生TAREK M.A. 获得2008年度湖北省外国留学生奖学金

Research Projects

  • image

    主要研究项目

    • 2021/12 2017/01

      国家自然科学基金

      重点项目,面向建筑物精细建模的倾斜摄影测量理论与方法,项目负责人

    • 2021/06 2016/07

      国家重点研发计划

      全空间信息系统与智能设施管理,项目课题多模态时空对象分析与可视化,课题负责人

    • 2018/12 2016/01

      金穗计划

      地球空间信息中德联合研究中心,西南交通大学国际科技合作基地(金穗计划),负责人

    • 2018/12 2015/02

      国家自然科学基金项目

      41471320,面向时空变化的GIS数据模型,PI

    • 2016 2014

      国家标准

      国家标准委:室内多维位置信息标识语言(2014年第二批国家标准计划项目,编号 :20142129-T-466),全国地理信息标准化技术委员会,国家基础地理信息中心、西南交通大学、南京师范大学、北京四维图新科技股份有限公司、高德软件有限公司、天地图有限公司、天津市勘察院

    • 2016 2014

      国家标准

      国家标准委:室内外多模式协同定位服务接口(2014年第二批国家标准计划项目,编号 :20142130-T-466),全国地理信息标准化技术委员会,国家基础地理信息中心、南京师范大学、西南交通大学、北京四维图新科技股份有限公司、高德软件有限公司、天地图有限公司、中国测绘科学研究院、天津市勘察院

    • 2016/12 2012/09

      资源三号卫星应用系统工程影像处理与应用分系统定制软件

      三维模型生产和可视化软件分包,国家测绘地理信息局卫星测绘应用中心,PI

    • 2015 2013

      高分专项

      高分辨率对地观测系统重大专项(民用部分), 高分灾害监测预警与评估信息服务应用示范系统(一期)(03-Y30B06-9001-13/15)子课题“灾害监测预评估与灾害多维可视化技术研究及应用示范”

    • 2015 2013

      863计划子课题

      统一时空体系下的多源信息实时接入与异构信息自主加载技术,2013AA122301(齐华)

    • 2014/12 2014/12

      中德双边研讨会

      中德科学中心,“全球多维制图与服务”(Multi-Dimensional Global Mapping and Services),GZ1106, PI

    • 2015/12 2012/01

      863课题视频GIS

      视频GIS与突发公共事件的感知控制系统,2012BAH35B02,南京师范大学,930 ,2012.01-2015.12, 新一代警用GIS关键技术及其应用(2012BAH35B00)

    • 2014 2012

      卫星及应用产业发展专项

      综合减灾空间信息服务应用示范(发改办高技【2012】2083) 研制总体技术负责

    • 2014/12 2010/01

      973计划项目

      2010CB731801,复杂条件下飞行器进近可视导航的基础理论研究,飞行终端区复杂场景建模的理论与方法,PI

    • 2011/03 2010/01

      减灾小卫星

      环境与灾害监测预报小卫星星座减灾应用系统“灾害快速评估模拟软件包”,国家减灾委员会)

    • 2012/12 2009/01

      国家自然科学基金项目

      基于视频序列影像的建筑物立面三维自动重建方法,主持

    • 2010/12 2009/01

      863计划重点项目

      2008AA121600,地理空间的三维建模和分析软件及其应用示范,四个课题验收均为优秀,总体组长

    • 2009/12 2007/01

      国家自然科学基金项目

      40671158,TIN约束下的建筑物三维自动重建方法,主持人

    • 2009/06 2006/12

      863计划项目

      2006AA12Z224,虚拟地理环境中复杂目标的自适应三维可视化关键技术,2006.12.1-2009.6.30,PI

    • 2009/12 2006/01

      国防973

      国家安全重大基础研究项目,613610302,遥感信息应用服务方法研究,专题负责人

    • 2003/12 2001/01

      国家自然科学基金项目

      40001017,多种类型大型空间数据库集成方法,PI

  • image

    其他项目

    • 2018/12 2014/01

      四川省2014年研究生教育改革创新项目

      研究生教育教学改革“地学多学科研究生教育教学国际化培养模式改革”负责人

    • 2017/03 2015/03

      国土资源部城市土地资源监测与仿真重点实验室开放课题

      BIM与三维GIS数据集成关键技术, KF-2015-01-027

    • 2016/12 2015/01

      铁道第三勘察设计院集团有限公司

      GIS与BIM融合关键技术研究技术服务,PI

    • 2015/12 2014/01

      四川省科技计划项目(科技创新研发专项--科技支撑计划)

      基于北斗的全息位置地图服务及其在智慧旅游中的示范应用(2014SZ0106) 位置感知与智能服务技术,(四川省基础地理信息中心 全息位置地图服务平台研发)

    • 2015/07 2014/01

      中国铁路总公司科技研究开发计划课题

      铁路总公司信息化管理及应用技术研究——面向铁路工程建设全生命周期的BIM应用关键技术研究(BIM与3D GIS的融合技术),2014X007-A

    • 2015/07 2014/01

      中铁第一勘察设计院集团有限公司

      基于BIM的铁路空间信息系统关键技术及平台研发,PI

    • 2014/11 2014/01

      中国电建集团昆明勘测设计研究院有限公司

      三维设计成果在地理信息系统中集成应用研究-三维设计成果转换软件,PI

    • 2014/09 2014/01

      四川省基础地理信息中心

      省级应急测绘指挥平台研究与开发,PI

    • 2014/10 2014/01

      中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司

      三维GIS平台软件购销合同,PI

    • 2013/12 2011/07

      国家国防科技工业局民用航天专业技术预先研究项目

      高精度高分辨率地表物理模型建模

    • 2013/12 2011/07

      中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(重点培育项目)

      分布式多维时空数据集成平台与重大工程应用软件

    • 2012/12 2011/01

      测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室2010年度开放基金项目(重点项目)

      基于Oracle 11g的大规模三维GIS数据高效管理关键技术研究

    • 2011

      基础测绘生产性试验项目

      真正射影像数据处理关键技术研究,国家测绘地理信息局科技与国际合作司

    • 2011

      武汉市国土资源和规划信息中心

      基于GeoScope的三维数字城市数据集成与管理研究

    • 2012/12 2010/01

      高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金

      基于近景影像的建筑物立面三维自动重建方法PI

    • 2011/08 2009/09

      数字城市联合实验室项目

      PI

    • 2010/12 2009/10

      铁道第三勘察设计院集团有限公司

      三维GIS及其协同设计应用软件

    • 2009/12 2009/08

      92493部队

      **区域数字地形显示与应用系统,PI

    • 2010/03 2008/04

      中德国际合作项目

      Enrichment, quality assessment and visualization of digital landscape models

    • 2006/08 2005/04

      东方地球物理公司物探技术研究中心

      三维数据成像及辅助软件技术服务

    • 2008/05 2004/05

      新加坡“三维地质GIS”

    • 2005/03 2005/01

      新加坡Tan Chin Tuan学术交流基金

      三维地质GIS

    • 2006/12 2004/03

      新加坡“三维GIS及其应用”

    • 2006/05 2004/04

      志莲净苑

      香港“数字志莲净苑木构佛寺演示系统”

    • 2004/06 2003/07

      铁道第二勘察设计院

      航测虚拟现实技术研究

    • 2004/03 2003/09

      香港裘搓基金

      虚拟地理环境

    • 2003/01 2001/03

      武汉市科委科技计划重点项目

      数码城市GIS系统软件平台商品化开发,PI

Filter by type:

Sort by year:

Reliable spatial relationship constrained feature point matching of oblique aerial images

Hu, H., Zhu, Q., Du, Z., Zhang, Y., Ding, Y., 2015
Journal PapersPhotogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 81 (1), 49-58.

Abstract

This paper proposes a reliable feature point matching method for oblique images using various spatial relationships and geometrical information for the problems resulted by the large view point changes, the image deformations, blurring, and other factors. Three spatial constraints are incorporated to filter possible outliers, including a cyclic angular ordering constraint, a local position constraint, and a neighborhood conserving constraint. Other ancillary geometric information, which includes the initial exterior orientation parameters that are obtained from the platform parameters and a rough DEM, are used to transform the oblique images geometrically and reduce the perspective deformations. Experiment results revealed that the proposed method is superior to the standard SIFT regarding both precision and correct matches using images obtained by the SWDC-5 system.

机场环境威胁态势信息在语义空间的统一建模及其导航应用

朱庆, 谭笑, 谢林甫, 张叶廷, 曹振宇,2015
Journal Papers武汉大学学报 (信息科学版) 40 (3), 341-346

摘要

image
飞行器航路前方的“威胁态势图”

面向飞行器导航需求,针对传统空地环境警告信息繁杂导致情境意识薄弱和决策时间长等瓶颈问题,建立了机场环境威胁态势信息在语义空间的统一表示模型,提出了对多源、多尺度、多种分布类型的机场空地环境信息在语义空间的统一建模与动态更新方法,实现了从实时接入的动态观测数据中深度搜索威胁态势信息,并达到信息快速组织与检索的目的。从林芝机场的数据建模和实验结果表明,该方法能精准、高效的建立面向飞行器导航应用的动态机场环境威胁态势图。

从灾后机载激光点云自动检测损毁房屋的等高线簇分析方法

何美章, 朱庆, 杜志强, 张叶廷, 胡翰, 林月冠, 齐华, 2015
Journal Papers测绘学报 44 (4), 407-413

摘要

利用灾后机载激光扫描点云的地震损毁房屋检测方法主要针对平面屋顶房屋,从局部分析屋顶的平面特征,导致只能有效检测屋顶严重破碎的损毁房屋。为此本文提出了一种等高线簇相似分析的地震损毁房屋检测方法,充分挖掘房屋等高线簇蕴含的房屋表面形状丰富的二维和三维信息,利用等高线簇形状相似度的归一化信息熵从整体上综合描述损毁房屋的损毁特征,并利用最大熵模型自动检测损毁房屋。采用2010年4月 El Mayor‐Cucapah地震断裂带激光点云数据进行了试验,证明本文提出的方法能快速、准确、可靠地检测损毁房屋。

多层次地理视频语义模型

谢潇, 朱庆, 张叶廷, 周艳, 许伟平, 吴晨, 2015
Journal Papers测绘学报 44 (5), 555-562

摘要

针对公共安全应急响应中支持推理、挖掘和关联分析的地理视频建模难题,提出了一种显式表达视频变化的多层次地理视频语义模型,并用UML图进行描述.该模型的特点是:改变了传统视频流整体语义描述方法,通过面向变化的三域(特征域-行为过程域-事件域)定义地理视频语义的层次结构和数据的层次表达;在各层次语义描述中将地理环境语义与视频内容语义有机结合,支持多地理视频数据的关联表示.以公共安全事件监控视频为例阐明了模型的实用性和有效性.

一种集成 R 树, 哈希表和 B* 树的高效轨迹数据索引方法

龚俊, 柯胜男, 朱庆, 张叶廷, 2015
Journal Papers测绘学报 44 (5), 570-577

摘要

为兼顾时空索引方法的空间利用率、时间效率和查询种类,提出了一种新的轨迹数据索引方法-HBSTR树.其基本思想是:轨迹采样点以轨迹节点的形式成组集中管理,哈希表用于维护移动目标的最新轨迹节点,轨迹节点满后作为叶节点插入时空R 树,另外采用B 树对轨迹节点构建一维索引,既有利于提升索引创建效率,又同时满足时空条件搜索和特定目标轨迹搜索等多种查询类型.为提升时空查询效率,提出了新的时空R 树评价指标和节点选择子算法改进时空R 树插入算法,同时提出了一种时空R树的数据库存储方案.试验结果表明,HBSTR 树在创建效率、查询效率和支持查询类型等方面综合性能优于现有方法,支持大规模实时轨迹数据库的动态更新和高效访问.

语义约束的 RVT 模型到 CityGML 模型的转换方法

赵霞, 汤圣君, 刘铭崴, 朱庆, 2015
Journal Papers地理信息世界 22 (2), 15-20

摘要

建筑信息模型(BIM)与地理信息系统(GIS)集成,不仅使得精细化的三维模型得到极大重用,同时两者的数据集成和共享可实现从几何到物理和功能特性的多尺度综合表达,已经成为新一代数字城市三维建模的关键途径之一。本文选取典型的BIM模型数据格式(RVT),提出语义约束的RVT模型到CityGML模型的转换方法,以BIM模型丰富的语义信息为约束实现几何简化及转换,同时实现了几何部件与语义信息的一一映射及语义输出,并以建筑模型、暖通、桥梁模型为例进行了验证。

Automatic topology derivation from IFC building model for in-door intelligent navigation

Tang, S.J., Zhu, Q., Wang, W.W., Zhang, Y.T., 2015
Conference PaperInternational Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing & Spatial Information Sciences XL-4/W5, 7-11, 21–22 May 2015, Tokyo, Japan

摘要

With the goal to achieve an accuracy navigation within the building environment, it is critical to explore a feasible way for building the connectivity relationships among 3D geographical features called in-building topology network. Traditional topology construction approaches for indoor space always based on 2D maps or pure geometry model, which remained information insufficient problem. Especially, an intelligent navigation for different applications depends mainly on the precise geometry and semantics of the navigation network. The trouble caused by existed topology construction approaches can be smoothed by employing IFC building model which contains detailed semantic and geometric information. In this paper, we present a method which combined a straight media axis transformation algorithm (S-MAT) with IFC building model to reconstruct indoor geometric topology network. This derived topology aimed at facilitating the decision making for different in-building navigation. In this work, we describe a multi-step deviation process including semantic cleaning, walkable features extraction, Multi-Storey 2D Mapping and S-MAT implementation to automatically generate topography information from existing indoor building model data given in IFC.

Multi-level indoor path planning method

Xiong, Q., Zhu, Q., Zlatanova, S., Du, Z., Zhang, Y., Zeng, L., 2015
Conference PaperInternational Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XL-4/W5, 19-23, 21–22 May 2015, Tokyo, Japan

摘要

Indoor navigation is increasingly widespread in complex indoor environments, and indoor path planning is the most important part of indoor navigation. Path planning generally refers to finding the most suitable path connecting two locations, while avoiding collision with obstacles. However, it is a fundamental problem, especially for 3D complex building model. A common way to solve the issue in some applications has been approached in a number of relevant literature, which primarily operates on 2D drawings or building layouts, possibly with few attached attributes for obstacles. Although several digital building models in the format of 3D CAD have been used for path planning, they usually contain only geometric information while losing abundant semantic information of building components (e.g. types and attributes of building components and their simple relationships). Therefore, it becomes important to develop a reliable method that can enhance application of path planning by combining both geometric and semantic information of building components. This paper introduces a method that support 3D indoor path planning with semantic information.

A task-oriented disaster information correlation method

Qiu, L., Du, Z., Zhu, Q., 2015
Conference PaperISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci II-4/W2, 169-176

摘要

With the rapid development of sensor networks and Earth observation technology, a large quantity of disaster-related data is available, such as remotely sensed data, historic data, case data, simulated data, and disaster products. However, the efficiency of current data management and service systems has become increasingly difficult due to the task variety and heterogeneous data. For emergency task-oriented applications, the data searches primarily rely on artificial experience based on simple metadata indices, the high time consumption and low accuracy of which cannot satisfy the speed and veracity requirements for disaster products. In this paper, a task-oriented correlation method is proposed for efficient disaster data management and intelligent service with the objectives of 1) putting forward disaster task ontology and data ontology to unify the different semantics of multi-source information, 2) identifying the semantic mapping from emergency tasks to multiple data sources on the basis of uniform description in 1), and 3) linking task-related data automatically and calculating the correlation between each data set and a certain task. The method goes beyond traditional static management of disaster data and establishes a basis for intelligent retrieval and active dissemination of disaster information. The case study presented in this paper illustrates the use of the method on an example flood emergency relief task.

An adaptive organization method of GeoVideo data for spatio-temporal association analysis

Wu, C., Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., Xu, W., Xie, X., 2015
Conference PaperISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci. II-4/W2, 29-34, Fairfax, Virginia, USA.

摘要

Public security incidents have been increasingly challenging to address with their new features, including large-scale mobility, multi-stage dynamic evolution, spatio-temporal concurrency and uncertainty in the complex urban environment, which require spatio-temporal association analysis among multiple regional video data for global cognition. However, the existing video data organizational methods that view video as a property of the spatial object or position in space dissever the spatio-temporal relationship of scattered video shots captured from multiple video channels, limit the query functions on interactive retrieval between a camera and its video clips and hinder the comprehensive management of event-related scattered video shots. GeoVideo, which maps video frames onto a geographic space, is a new approach to represent the geographic world, promote security monitoring in a spatial perspective and provide a highly feasible solution to this problem. This paper analyzes the large-scale personnel mobility in public safety events and proposes a multi-level, event-related organization method with massive GeoVideo data by spatio-temporal trajectory. This paper designs a unified object identify(ID) structure to implicitly store the spatio-temporal relationship of scattered video clips and support the distributed storage management of massive cases. Finally, the validity and feasibility of this method are demonstrated through suspect tracking experiments.

An integrated virtual geographic environmental simulation framework: a case study of flood disaster simulation

Ding, Y., Zhu, Q., Lin, H., 2014
Journal PaperGeo-spatial Information Science 17 (4), 190-200

摘要

Dynamic flood disaster simulation is an emerging and promising technology significantly useful in urban planning, risk assessment, and integrated decision support systems. It is still an important issue to integrate the large assets such as dynamic observational data, numerical flood simulation models, geographic information technologies, and computing resources into a unified framework. For the intended end user, it is also a holistic solution to create computer interpretable representations and gain insightful understanding of the dynamic disaster processes, the complex impacts, and interactions of disaster factors. In particular, it is still difficult to access and join harmonized data, processing algorithms, and models that are provided by different environmental information infrastructures. In this paper, we demonstrate a virtual geographic environments-based integrated environmental simulation framework for flood disaster management based on the notion of interlinked resources, which is capable of automated accumulating and manipulating of sensor data, creating dynamic geo-analysis and three-dimensional visualizations of ongoing geo-process, and updating the contents of simulation models representing the real environment. The prototype system is evaluated by applying it as a proof of concept to integrate in situ weather observations, numerical weather and flood disaster simulation models, visualization, and analysis of the real time flood event. Case applications indicate that the developed framework can be adopted for use by decision-makers for short-term planning and control since the resulting simulation and visualization are completely based on the latest status of environment.

An adaptive surface filter for airborne laser scanning point clouds by means of regularization and bending energy

Hu, H., Ding, Y., Zhu, Q., Wu, B., Lin, H., Du, Z., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y., 2014
Journal PaperISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 92, 98-111.

摘要

images
Descriptions of the bending energy and the transformed compensation value generated during interpolation of the corresponding raster surface. (a) The interpolated raster surface, (b) the generated bending energy as a by-product of the TPS interpolation and (c) the transformed bend_gain by piece-wise linear interpolation from the bending energy raster given a upper bound of 0.3 m. The dashed curves in (a) and (b) represent the same ridge.

The filtering of point clouds is a ubiquitous task in the processing of airborne laser scanning (ALS) data; however, such filtering processes are difficult because of the complex configuration of the terrain features. The classical filtering algorithms rely on the cautious tuning of parameters to handle various landforms. To address the challenge posed by the bundling of different terrain features into a single dataset and to surmount the sensitivity of the parameters, in this study, we propose an adaptive surface filter (ASF) for the classification of ALS point clouds. Based on the principle that the threshold should vary in accordance to the terrain smoothness, the ASF embeds bending energy, which quantitatively depicts the local terrain structure to self-adapt the filter threshold automatically. The ASF employs a step factor to control the data pyramid scheme in which the processing window sizes are reduced progressively, and the ASF gradually interpolates thin plate spline surfaces toward the ground with regularization to handle noise. Using the progressive densification strategy, regularization and self-adaption, both performance improvement and resilience to parameter tuning are achieved. When tested against the benchmark datasets provided by ISPRS, the ASF performs the best in comparison with all other filtering methods, yielding an average total error of 2.85% when optimized and 3.67% when using the same parameter set.

Real-time control of human actions using inertial sensors

Liu, H., He, F., Zhu, F., Zhu, Q., 2014
Journal Papers Science China Information Sciences 57 (7), 1-11

Abstract

Our study proposes a new local model to accurately control an avatar using six inertial sensors in real-time. Creating such a system to assist interactive control of a full-body avatar is challenging because control signals from our performance interfaces are usually inadequate to completely determine the whole body movement of human actors. We use a pre-captured motion database to construct a group of local regression models, which are used along with the control signals to synthesize whole body human movement. By synthesizing a variety of human movements based on actors’ control in real-time, this study verifies the effectiveness of the proposed system. Compared with the previous models, our proposed model can synthesize more accurate results. Our system is suitable for common use because it is much cheaper than commercial motion capture systems.

A Hybrid Spatio-Temporal Data Indexing Method for Trajectory Databases

Ke, S., Gong, J., Li, S., Zhu, Q., Liu, X., Zhang, Y., 2014
Journal PapersSensors 14 (7), 12990-13005.

Abstract

In recent years, there has been tremendous growth in the field of indoor and outdoor positioning sensors continuously producing huge volumes of trajectory data that has been used in many fields such as location-based services or location intelligence. Trajectory data is massively increased and semantically complicated, which poses a great challenge on spatio-temporal data indexing. This paper proposes a spatio-temporal data indexing method, named HBSTR-tree, which is a hybrid index structure comprising spatio-temporal R-tree, B*-tree and Hash table. To improve the index generation efficiency, rather than directly inserting trajectory points, we group consecutive trajectory points as nodes according to their spatio-temporal semantics and then insert them into spatio-temporal R-tree as leaf nodes. Hash table is used to manage the latest leaf nodes to reduce the frequency of insertion. A new spatio-temporal interval criterion and a new node-choosing sub-algorithm are also proposed to optimize spatio-temporal R-tree structures. In addition, a B*-tree sub-index of leaf nodes is built to query the trajectories of targeted objects efficiently. Furthermore, a database storage scheme based on a NoSQL-type DBMS is also proposed for the purpose of cloud storage. Experimental results prove that HBSTR-tree outperforms TB*-tree in some aspects such as generation efficiency, query performance and query type.

A GIS database engine for linking calculation and storage

Wu, C., Zhu, Q., Xu, W., Zhang, Y., Xie, X., He, F., Zhou, Y., 2014
Conference PapersIn: Proc. 9th 3DGeoInfo Conference, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, November 11-13

Abstract

三维GIS及其在智慧城市中的应用

朱庆,2014
Journal Papers地球信息科学学报 16 (2), 151-157

Abstract

三维GIS 是当今乃至未来GIS 技术的主要标志性内容之一,它突破了空间信息在二维地图平面中单调表现 的束缚,为各行各业以及人们的日常生活提供了更有效的辅助决策支持。本文重点介绍了三维GIS 的数据模型、 数据库管理和可视化分析等关键技术及其研究进展,并以武汉市为例展示了三维GIS 对城市立体空间的整体表 达,为大城市、全市域的三维数字城市建设奠定了基础,最后探讨了在智慧城市建设与城市安全中三维GIS将发挥 日益重要的时空信息承载引擎与空间智能技术支撑作用。

结合边缘编组的 Hough 变换直线提取

王竞雪, 朱庆, 王伟玺, 赵丽科, 2014
Journal Papers遥感学报 18 (2), 378-389

Abstract

针对传统Hough变换用于直线检测存在的问题进行了细致的分析和归纳总结,在此基础上,提出一种结合边缘编组的Hough变换直线提取算法。该算法首先采用基于8邻域的边缘跟踪算法对Canny算子检测得到的边缘点进行编组;然后对每一个边缘组分别进行Hough变换,单独确定Hough变换原点和参数的取值范围。Hough变换过程中,采用迭代的“投票”方式,每次确定单一峰值点并删除对应像素。实验证明,该算法原理简单,能有效解决传统Hough变换存在的精度不高、计算复杂等问题。同时该算法具有较强的鲁棒性,可以有效处理不同类型的影像数据,适用于并行处理。

应急测绘保障体系若干关键问题研究

朱庆, 曹振宇, 林珲, 谢维挺, 丁雨淋, 2014
Journal Papers武汉大学学报 (信息科学版) 39 (5), 551-555.

Abstract

以“4·20”芦山7.0级强烈地震中应急测绘保障为例,系统分析了目前应急测绘保障工作的机制,以及数据获取、传输、处理、发布以及应急测绘数据共享多个环节中存在的突出问题,提出了一种新的应急测绘保障体系架构和任务驱动的聚焦服务机制。

面向火灾动态疏散的三维建筑信息模型

朱庆, 胡明远, 许伟平, 林珲, 杜志强, 张叶廷, 张帆, 2014
Journal Papers武汉大学学报· 信息科学版 39 (7), 762-766

Abstract

基于三维建筑空间表达充分结合建筑防火专题语义信息建立了面向建筑物内部空间划分与通达性分析的一体化语义描述并结合防火部件层次的动态特征发展面向室内火灾动态疏散过程的三维建筑信息模型从而辅助火灾应急疏散的三维空间逃生分析 基于实验构建的三维建筑信息模型及其基于语义的动态联通网络证明了其在室内火灾动态疏散中的特殊价值

三维 GIS 中的参数化建模方法

汤圣君, 张叶廷, 许伟平, 谢潇, 朱庆, 韩元利, 吴强, 2014
Journal Papers武汉大学学报 (信息科学版) 39 (9), 1086-1090.

Abstract

为实现大规模地形景观和精细工程设施模型在三维GIS中的无缝集成管理,并支持工程设施全生命周期的共享应用,提出了一种可根据设计参数自动建立复杂设施三维模型并交互式编辑修改的方法,扩展了三维GIS数据模型,实现了三维几何模型与其参数信息的有机集成与同步更新,并以桥梁模型的构建为例验证了该方法的可行性和有效性。

BIM 与 GIS 数据集成: IFC 与 CityGML 建筑几何语义信息互操作技术

汤圣君, 朱庆, 赵君峤, 2014
Journal Papers武汉大学学报 (信息科学版) 39 (9), 1086-1090.

Abstract

近年来,建筑信息模型(BIM)与地理信息系统(GIS)的集成应用越来越广泛且深入,不同专业领域通过简单模型转换实现信息交互的方法由于只保留了少量的语义信息从而导致了应用的分散和独立,局限性十分明显.IFC和CityGML分别为BIM和GIS领域内通用的数据模型标准,两者之间的几何和语义信息共享将为BIM和GIS的集成奠定基础.本文基于IFC和CityGML标准,提出IFC几何要素过滤方法以及IFC到CityGML的语义映射规则,为IFC与CityGML建筑模型的几何、语义信息互操作提供一种通用手段,并通过实例进行了验证.

基于像素高度图的三维建筑物屋顶和立面提取方法

黄敏儿, 杜志强, 朱庆, 张叶廷, 胡翰, 2014
Journal Papers武汉大学学报(信息科学版) 39 (10), 1221-1224.

Abstract

针对三维建筑物屋顶和立面目标的自动提取难题提出了一种利用倾斜影像生成的像素高度图来识别和提取三维建筑物目标的方法根据高度图的梯度特征提取垂直立面目标根据高度图的最大熵阈值特征提取屋顶目标 采用多角度面阵数字航空相机获取的倾斜影像数据进行实验验证了本文方法的正确性与有效性

设计与开发大规模倾斜影像数据管理工具

黄敏儿, 胡翰, 杜志强, 朱庆, 2014
Journal Papers地理信息世界 21 (5), 51-55

Abstract

多角度倾斜相机已经成为三维数字城市建设的主要数据获取手段。针对倾斜摄影测量特点,面向海量影像集成处理需求,综合考虑相机成像模型以及影像关联关系,设计与实现了一种大规模倾斜影像数据管理工具,提供了工程管理信息存储、倾斜影像分组浏览、地面覆盖范围计算、目标快速检索等功能。应用实验证明该管理工具能够满足倾斜摄影测量工程管理的实际需求,有效提高了多模式海量影像数据的检索效率。

散乱点云数据精配准的粒子群优化算法

韩贤权, 朱庆, 丁雨淋, 周东波, 2014
Journal Papers武汉大学学报 (信息科学版) 39 (10), 1214-1220.

Abstract

作为点云数据处理的关键步骤,点云数据配准的结果直接影响后续数据处理的精度.基于人工标靶和ICP思想的传统配准方法存在受环境影响、初始条件限制以及特征点提取困难等问题.针对传统地面激光扫描点云数据的高精度配准方法主要依赖人工标靶和特征点选取等局限,提出了一种改进的粒子群优化算法,以法向量叉积代数和最小作为适应度函数,对相邻点云重叠区域内的所有数据进行高效的全局搜索,在选取最佳配准点的基础上实现了散乱点云的精确配准.通过对多站扫描的高陡边坡岩体点云数据进行整体配准,并与ICP等经典算法进行对比实验,结果验证了本方法的可行性、有效性和稳定性,可以有效解决配准过程中标靶或同名特征点不易寻找的问题.

地理信息可视化与虚拟地理环境进展研究

朱庆, 林珲, 游雄, 龚建华, 艾廷华, 张立强, 万钢, 陈静, 2014
Book Chapter2012—2013地理学学科发展报告(地图学与地理信息系统). 中国科学技术出版社, pp. 145-153.

室内位置信息模型与智能位置服务

朱庆, 熊庆, 赵君峤, 2014
Journal Papers测绘地理信息 39 (5), 1-7

Abstract

商业中心、交通枢纽、医院、停车场等复杂室内及地下空间的安全管理与应急响应对室内外无缝导航与位置服务的需求日益迫切,提出了一种室内位置信息模型,扩展了OGC标准CityGML和IndoorGML中的位置信息描述,提供了描述室内相对位置和室内绝对位置的本体,介绍了一种针对三维建筑物模型的室内空间自动提取方法,为智能位置服务奠定了重要基础。

顾及用户体验的三维城市模型自适应组织方法

吴晨,朱庆,张叶廷,许伟平,谢潇,周艳
Journal Papers武汉大学学报 (信息科学版) 39 (11), 1293-1297

Abstract

传统基于“图层付象”的组织方法,没有考虑三维城市模型的不同内容以及不同细节层次的粒度差 异,导致在网络环境下的传输效率低,难以满足多用户并发访问的流畅可视化。深入分析了大范围漫游与小 范围聚焦的用户体验特点,通过元数据统筹管理和对象离散化,即时响应用户请求,减少无效数据传输,保证 了多用户并发环境下的高效调度和浏览。针对模型LoI)和分解的对象,设计了结构统一的对象ID,隐式存储 关联关系并支持分布式模型存储管理。以分布式数据库MongoDB为平台进行实验,验证了本文方法的可行 性和有效性。

An integrated geospatial information service system for disaster management in China

Ding, Y., Fan, Y., Du, Z., Zhu, Q., Wang, W., Liu, S., Lin, H., 2014
Journal Paper International Journal of Digital Earth (online)
The task-oriented FSM of the IDISS

Abstract

The Chinese Government and citizens face enormous challenges of disaster management as widespread devastation, economic damages, and loss of human lives caused by increasing natural disasters. Disaster management requires a complicated iterative process that includes disaster monitoring, early detection, forecasting, loss assessment, and efficient analysis of disaster reduction. Each task typically involves the use of technologists and multiple geospatial information resources, including sensors, data sources, models, geo-tools, software packages, and computing resources. However, most existing disaster management systems operate in a typical passive data-centric mode, where resources cannot be fully utilized. This impediment is partially being addressed by the increasingly complex application requirements and the growing availability of diverse resources. In this paper, we summarize and analyze the practical problems experienced by the National Disaster Reduction Application System of China. To address the issues of data-centric, centralized, isolated solutions, we propose a novel Focusing Service Mechanism, which is capable of scheduling and allocating for optimum utilization of multiple resources, to dynamically generate collaborative and on-demand disaster information services. We also demonstrate the design and implementation of the Integrated Disaster Information Service System (IDISS). Through the service strategies of Virtualizing, Wrapping, and Integrating, disaster-related resources are constructed into services in the IDISS. These services are dynamically aggregated into focusing service chains, for diverse disaster management tasks. Actual applications illustrate that the proposed service system can significantly improve the capability of disaster management in China.

Virtual Geographic Environments (VGEs): A New Generation of Geographic Analysis Tool

Lin, H., Chen, M., Lu, G., Zhu, Q., Gong, J., You, X., Wen, Y., Xu, B., Hu, M., 2013
Journal Paper Earth-Science Reviews 126, 74-84.
Structure of a complete VGE

Abstract

Abstract Virtual Geographic Environments (VGEs) are proposed as a new generation of geographic analysis tool to contribute to human understanding of the geographic world and assist in solving geographic problems at a deeper level. The development of VGEs is focused on meeting the three scientific requirements of Geographic Information Science (GIScience) — multi-dimensional visualization, dynamic phenomenon simulation, and public participation. To provide a clearer image that improves user understanding of VGEs and to contribute to future scientific development, this article reviews several aspects of VGEs. First, the evolutionary process from maps to previous GISystems and then to VGEs is illustrated, with a particular focus on the reasons VGEs were created. Then, extended from the conceptual framework and the components of a complete VGE, three use cases are identified that together encompass the current state of VGEs at different application levels: 1) a tool for geo-object-based multi-dimensional spatial analysis and multi-channel interaction, 2) a platform for geo-process-based simulation of dynamic geographic phenomena, and 3) a workspace for multi-participant-based collaborative geographic experiments. Based on the above analysis, the differences between VGEs and other similar platforms are discussed to draw their clear boundaries. Finally, a short summary of the limitations of current VGEs is given, and future directions are proposed to facilitate ongoing progress toward forming a comprehensive version of VGEs.

Consistency Maintenance in Collaborative CAD Systems

LIU, H., HE, F., ZHU, F., ZHU, Q., 2013
Journal Paper Chinese Journal of Electronics 22 (1), 15-20

Abstract

The difference between real-time CSCW systems and traditional distributed systems is that the former one is supposed to provide a natural, free and fast interface for multi-user interaction. However, the typical multi-user interaction method applied in 3D CAD systems is strict consistency maintenance, such as locking mechanism and floor control, which may generate a stagnant and unnatural interface. This paper proposes a 3D semanticbased Operational transformation (OT) to support less constrained multi-user interaction and to achieve consistency in collaborative CAD editing (co-CAD) systems, and it can be used in many collaborative CAD/CAM industries.

A flexible method for zoom lens calibration and modeling using a planar checkerboard

Wu, B., Hu, H., Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., 2013
Journal Paper Photogrammetric engineering and remote sensing 79 (6), 555-571.

Abstract

This paper presents a flexible method for zoom lens calibration and modeling using a planar checkerboard. The method includes the following four steps. First, the principal point of the zoom-lens camera is determined by a focus-of-expansion approach. Second, the infl uences of focus changes on the principal distance are modeled by a scale parameter. Third, checkerboard images taken at varying object distances with convergent image geometry are used for camera calibration. Finally, the variations of the calibration parameters with respect to the various zoom and focus settings are modeled using polynomials. Three different types of lens are examined in this study. Experimental analyses show that high precision calibration results can be expected from the developed approach. The relative measurement accuracy (accuracy normalized with object distance) using the calibrated zoom-lens camera model ranges from 1:5 000 to 1:25 000. The developed method is of significance to facilitate the use of zoom-lens camera systems in various applications such as robotic exploration, hazard monitoring, traffic monitoring, and security surveillance.

A semantics-constrained profiling approach to complex 3D city models

Xie, X., Zhu, Q., Du, Z., Xu, W., Zhang, Y., 2013
Journal Paper Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 41, 309-317

Abstract

A complex 3D city model contains detailed descriptions of both its appearance and its internal structure, including architectural components. Because of the topological complexity and the large volumes of data in such models, profiling is an effective method to present the internal structure, the distributed characteristics, and the hierarchical relationships of the model to provide intuitive visual information to the viewer and to reveal the relationships between the elements of the model and the whole. However, with commonly used boundary descriptions, it is difficult to comprehensively preserve the consistency of three-dimensional profiling using existing algorithms based on geometric constraints. This paper proposes a novel semantics-constrained profiling approach to ensure the consistency of the geometrical, topological, and semantic relationships when profiling complex 3D city models. The approach transforms the 3D model’s boundary description, defined using the CityGML standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), into a set of unified volumetric features described as solids. This approach is characterized by (1) the use of the concepts of semantic relationships, virtual edges, and virtual surfaces; (2) the semantic analysis of 3D models and the extraction of volumetric features as basic geometric analytic units; (3) the completion of structural connectivity and space coverage for each volumetric feature, which is represented as a solid model; and (4) the use of a reliable 3D Boolean operation for efficient and accurate profiling. A typical detailed 3D museum model is used as an example to illustrate the profiling principle, and the experimental results demonstrate the correctness and effectiveness of this approach.

Integration method of TINs and Grids for multi-resolution surface modeling

Xie, X., Xu, W., Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., Du, Z., 2013.
Journal PaperGeo-spatial Information Science 16 (1), 61-68

Abstract

Highly detailed surface models and their real-time applications are increasingly popular in architecture, construction and other design and engineering fields. However, new and related problems have emerged concerning the efficient management of the resulting large datasets and the seamless integration of heterogeneous data. Moreover, the increasingly common requirements of local high-fidelity modeling combined with large-scale landscapes lead to difficulty in the seamless multi-resolution representation of hybrid triangulated irregular networks (TINs) and Grids. This paper presents a hybrid data structure with high-efficiency and a related organizational method for the seamless integration of multi-resolution models. This approach is characterized by (1) a self-adaptive algorithm for feature-preserving surface partitioning, (2) an efficient hybrid index structure for combined Grid and TIN surfaces, and (3) a view-dependent scheduling strategy with access to Grids of necessary resolution, giving priority to the dynamic loading of TINs. Experiments using typical real design datasets of highway constructions are able to achieve accuracy-preserved and real-time availability of results that prove the validity and efficiency of this approach.

Real-Time GIS and its Application in Indoor Fire Disaster

Xu, W., Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., Ding, Y., Hu, M., 2013.
Conference PaperInt. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-2/W2, 121-127

Abstract

GIS is now faced with the challenge how to represent and understand the fast-paced, constantly changing world, given increasingly real-time data including readings from large-scale distributed sensors and large quantities of simulation data generated by computation models. Traditional static GIS pays more attention to representing historic data and Temporal GIS(TGIS) only treats time as a occasional but not critical factor and can't support the explicit change representation. In this context, Real-time GIS(RGIS) is put forward and its data model becomes a key problem how to make an appropriate abstraction over the rapid changes implied in real-time data stream and establish the general interaction relationship between them. The paper proposes a spatiotemporal changeoriented three-domain model with the emphasis on the semantic interaction relationship of object, event and process. Based on this model, a semantic enrichment method for multi-scale spatiotemporal change is put forward. Finally, as a RGIS application, indoor fire disaster simulation is illustrated and proves the validity of the proposed model.

Real-Time GIS and its Application in Indoor Fire Disaster

Xiong, Q., Zhu, Q., Zlatanova, S., Huang, L., Zhou, Y., and Du, Z, 2013
Conference PaperInt. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-4/W4, 45-49, Cape Town, South Africa, Dec. 11-13

Abstract

Aiming at the increasing requirements of seamless indoor and outdoor navigation and location service, a Chinese standard of Multidimensional Indoor Location Information Model is being developed, which defines ontology of indoor location. The model is complementary to 3D concepts like CityGML and IndoorGML. The goal of the model is to provide an exchange GML-based format for location needed for indoor routing and navigation. An elaborated user requirements analysis and investigation of state-of-the-art technology in expressing indoor location at home and abroad was completed to identify the manner humans specify location. The ultimate goal is to provide an ontology that will allow absolute and relative specification of location such as "in room 321", "on the second floor", as well as, "two meters from the second window", "12 steps from the door"

Problems In Indoor Mapping and Modelling

Zlatanova, S., Sithole, G., Nakagawa, M., and Zhu, Q., 2013
Conference PaperInt. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-4/W4, 63-68, Cape Town, South Africa, Dec. 11-13

Abstract

Research in support of indoor mapping and modelling (IMM) has been active for over thirty years. This research has come in the form of As-Built surveys, Data structuring, Visualisation techniques, Navigation models and so forth. Much of this research is founded on advancements in photogrammetry, computer vision and image analysis, computer graphics, robotics, laser scanning and many others. While IMM used to be the privy of engineers, planners, consultants, contractors, and designers, this is no longer the case as commercial enterprises and individuals are also beginning to apply indoor models in their business process and applications. There are three main reasons for this. Firstly, the last two decades have seen greater use of spatial information by enterprises and the public. Secondly, IMM has been complimented by advancements in mobile computing and internet communications, making it easier than ever to access and interact with spatial information. Thirdly, indoor modelling has been advanced geometrically and semantically, opening doors for developing user-oriented, context-aware applications. This reshaping of the public’s attitude and expectations with regards to spatial information has realised new applications and spurred demand for indoor models and the tools to use them. This paper examines the present state of IMM and considers the research areas that deserve attention in the future. In particular the paper considers problems in IMM that are relevant to commercial enterprises and the general public, groups this paper expects will emerge as the greatest users IMM. The subject of indoor modelling and mapping is discussed here in terms of Acquisitions and Sensors, Data Structures and Modelling, Visualisation, Applications, Legal Issues and Standards. Problems are discussed in terms of those that exist and those that are emerging. Existing problems are those that are currently being researched. Emerging problems are those problems or demands that are expected to arise because of social changes, technological advancements, or commercial interests. The motivation of this work is to define a set of research problems that are either being investigated or should be investigated. These will hopefully provide a framework for assessing progress and advances in indoor modelling. The framework will be developed in the form of a problem matrix, detailing existing and emerging problems, their solutions and present best practices. Once the framework is complete it will be published online so that the IMM community can discuss and modify it as necessary. When the framework has reached a steady state an empirical benchmark will be provided to test solutions to posed problems. A yearly evaluation of the problem matrix will follow, the results of which will be published.

洪水淹没分析中的自适应逐点水位修正算法

丁雨淋, 杜志强, 朱庆, 张叶廷, 2013
Journal Paper测绘学报 42 (4), 546-553

Abstract

洪涝灾害损失评估是防洪减灾科学决策的基础,其中洪水淹没分析是准确提取洪水淹没范围、水深及历时等灾情信息的关键。洪水淹没分析主要采用数字高程模型数据(DEM),由于DEM的格网分辨率与高程精度有限,常出现异常的洼地或平地,导致难以可靠计算每个格网点处的流向,而传统方法采用统一高程的洼地填平处理又使得容易出现洪水演进过程中复杂起伏地形水面爬坡以及平坦地形水位断流的问题,为此本文提出了顾及流速和淹没时间的自适应逐点水位修正算法,即在DEM坡面流模拟的基础上,根据洪水水流特性、地形、边界变化、水流速度、水深变化以及淹没点的淹没时间,计算水位修正值,对洪水演进过程中每个格网点的水位进行修正,采用多种地貌类型的DEM数据进行实验,证明洪水演进的淹没范围、水深及历时的实时计算结果准确可靠,可为快速评估灾害损失与防洪决策服务提供更为科学的依据。

多匹配基元集成的多视影像密集匹配方法

王竞雪, 朱庆, 王伟玺, 2013
Journal Paper测绘学报 42 (5), 691-698

Abstract

针对多视影像密集匹配中的遮挡问题,本文提出一种像方特征点和物方平面元集成的多视影像密集匹配方法。该方法利用规则格网划分的空间平面作为基础,对两种不同形式的匹配基元进行集成。首先通过多视影像上特征点投影范围和平面元位置相互制约,实现特征点和平面元的同时匹配,为后续匹配提供初始可靠的DSM;然后在此基础上,结合铅垂线轨迹法和基于高度遮挡检测方法对平面上规则分布的平面元进行匹配,加密初始匹配结果。最后通过对某地区四张UCX数字航空影像的匹配试验,验证了本文方法的有效性。

一种基于三角网约束的立体影像线特征多级匹配方法

张云生, 朱庆, 吴波, 邹峥嵘, 2013
Journal Paper 武汉大学学报·信息科学版, 38(5): 522-527

Abstract

针对直线匹配可靠性问题,提出了一种基于三角网约束的立体影像线特征多级匹配方法。首先采用SURF算法匹配一部分可靠的种子点,利用这些种子点约束其邻域内的直线匹配;然后,将这些种子点构建三角网,利用三角网约束直线匹配的搜索范围,进行三角网约束下的线 线匹配;再次,在三角网的约束下,进行线 面匹配。为了提高直线匹配相似性测度的可区分性,提出了基于移动窗口的自适应直线相关方法,不仅在表面非连续区域能取得可靠匹配,在纹理缺乏区域也能取得可靠匹配结果。利用具有典型纹理特征的近景影像和航空影像进行了试验分析,结果表明,本方法能获取可靠的直线匹配结果。

面向对象的真正射影像纠正方法

朱庆, 于杰, 杜志强, 张叶廷, 2013
Journal Paper武汉大学学报信息科学版 38 (7), 757-760

Abstract

现有"像素级"的真正射影像纠正方法由于没有充分考虑地物特征和影像像素间的关联关系,导致对DSM分辨率十分敏感,难以保持地物轮廓边缘特征的准确性和纹理结构的完整性,遮挡恢复和阴影补偿难以自动化处理,需要大量人工干预等问题。提出了一种面向对象的真正射影像纠正方法,主要内容包括:①物方和像方对象的定义及语义描述;②像方对象的全局可见性索引;③面向对象的真正射纠正和纹理优化采样。选择广东阳江地区多角度航摄影像进行了实验,结果表明,面向对象的真正射纠正方法既能保持准确的几何特征和完整的纹理结构,还能自适应地处理遮挡和阴影,为多角度高分辨率影像数据的自动化、智能化真正射纠正提供了一种有效的新途径。

面向真正射影像处理的对象定义及其语义关联

于杰, 朱庆, 徐冠宇, 2013
Journal Paper地理信息世界 20 (5), 21-25

Abstract

影像纹理划分表达的像方对象

真正射影像作为新一代数字影像产品,其应用需求日益广泛。随着高分辨率倾斜影像的日益可得,逐像素处理的真正射影像生产方法局限性越来越突出。为此,针对面向对象的真正射影像处理,本文提出了物方对象和像方对象的概念,并描述了两类对象间的语义关联关系,并用实例分析了其特殊价值。

Geo-information processing service composition for concurrent tasks: A QoS-aware game theory approach

Li, H., Zhu, Q., Yang, X., Xu, L., 2012
Journal PaperComputers & Geosciences 47, 46-59.

Abstract

Typical characteristics of remote sensing applications are concurrent tasks, such as those found in disaster rapid response. The existing composition approach to geographical information processing service chain, searches for an optimisation solution and is what can be deemed a “selfish” way. This way leads to problems of conflict amongst concurrent tasks and decreases the performance of all service chains. In this study, a non-cooperative game-based mathematical model to analyse the competitive relationships between tasks, is proposed. A best response function is used, to assure each task maintains utility optimisation by considering composition strategies of other tasks and quantifying conflicts between tasks. Based on this, an iterative algorithm that converges to Nash equilibrium is presented, the aim being to provide good convergence and maximise the utilisation of all tasks under concurrent task conditions. Theoretical analyses and experiments showed that the newly proposed method, when compared to existing service composition methods, has better practical utility in all tasks.

An Efficient Point Cloud Management Method Based on a 3D R-Tree

Gong, J., Zhu, Q., Zhong, R., Zhang, Y., Xie, X., Gong, J., Zhu, Q., Zhong, R., 2012
Journal PaperPhotogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 74 (4), 373-381

Abstract

Vehicle-borne laser-scanned point clouds have become increasingly important 3D data sources in fields such as digital city modeling and emergency response management. Aiming at reducing the technical bottlenecks of management and visualization of very large point cloud data sets, this paper proposes a new spatial organization method called 3DOR-Tree, which integrates Octree and 3D R-Tree data structures. This method utilizes Octree index rapid convergence to generate R-Tree leaf nodes, which are inserted directly into the R-Tree, thus avoiding time-consuming point-by-point insertion operations. Furthermore, this paper extends the R-Tree structure to support LOD (level of detail) models. Based on the extended structure, a practical data management method is presented. Finally, an adaptive control method for LODS of point clouds is illustrated. Typical experimental results show that our method possesses quasi-real-time index construction speed, a good storage utilization rate, and efficient visualization performance.

Mathematical morphology-based generalization of complex 3D building models incorporating semantic relationships

Zhao, J., Zhu, Q., Du, Z., Feng, T., Zhang, Y., 2012
Journal PaperISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 68, 95-111.
The LoDs produced from experimental data (for each LoD: above, illustration with original material; below, illustration with pseudo material).

Abstract

A complex 3D building model contains a detailed description of both its appearance and internal structure with authentic architectural components. Because of its high complexity and huge data volumes, using a less detailed representation for the distant visual application of such a model is preferable. However, most mesh simplification algorithms cannot preserve manmade features of such models, and the existing 3D generalization algorithms are mainly proposed for regular-shaped buildings. More importantly, neither method can consistently express geometry, topological relations, and semantics in multiple discrete Levels of Details (LoDs). This paper presents a novel mathematical morphology-based algorithm that generalizes the complex 3D building model in a unified manner using the following steps: (1) semantic relationships between components, which reflect structural connectivity in the building at a certain LoD, are defined and extracted; (2) semantically connected components are merged and trivial geometric features of the components are eliminated simultaneously, with semantics associated with components then updated according to the merging; and (3) post-process is carried out to further reduce the redundancy of facets. The semantic relationships extracted ensure the proper generalization of topological relations and semantics of building components, and mathematical morphological operations implemented in the algorithm are capable of handling closed two-manifold components of various shapes. Experiments on both complex 3D building models in the classical Chinese style and prismatic 3D city models prove the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Integrated point and edge matching on poor textural images constrained by self-adaptive triangulations

Wu, B., Zhang, Y., Zhu, Q., 2012
Journal PaperISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 68, 40 - 55
Comparison of with and without edge information for the adaptive triangulations

Abstract

This paper presents an innovative image matching method for reliable and dense image matching on poor textural images, which is the integrated point and edge matching based on the self-adaptive edge-constrained triangulations. Firstly, several seed points and seed edges are obtained on the stereo images, and they are used to construct a pair of initial edge-constrained triangulations on the images. Then, points and edges are matched based on the triangle constraint and other constraints. The newly matched points and edges are inserted into the triangulations and the constrained triangulations are updated dynamically along with the matching propagation. The final results will be the final edge-constrained triangulations generated from the successfully matched points and edges. Experiments using typical space-borne, airborne, and terrestrial images with poor textures revealed that the integrated point and edge matching method based on self-adaptive triangulations is able to produce dense and reliable matching results. Moreover, from the final matched points and edges, 3D points and edges preserving the physical boundaries of objects can be further derived based on photogrammetric techniques, which is ideal for further object modeling applications.

A Multi-Level Cache Approach for Realtime Visualization of Massive 3D GIS Data

Li, X., Xu, W., Zhu, Q., Hu, J., Hu, H., Zhang, Y., 2012
Journal Paper International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling 1 (3), 37-48.

Abstract

The real-time visualization of 3D GIS at a whole city scale always faces the challenge of dynamic data loading with high-efficiency. Based on the multi-tier distributed 3D GIS framework, this paper presents a multi-level cache approach for dynamic data loading. It aims to establish in 3D GIS spatial database engine (3DGIS-SDE) the unified management mechanism of caches on three levels, including: the client memory cache (CMC) oriented to sharing application, the client file cache (CFC) organized by index, as well as the application server memory cache (ASMC) of structural consistency. With the help of the proposed optimized cache replacement policy, multi-level cache consistency maintenance as well as multithread loading model designed in the paper, the engine is able to adaptively make full use of each-level caches according to their own application properties and achieve effective coordination between them. Finally, a practical 3D GIS database based on Oracle 11g is employed for test. The experimental results prove this approach could satisfy multi-user concurrent applications of 3D visual exploration.

面向飞行器可视导航的复杂空地环境动态三维表示模型

谭笑, 朱庆, 赵君峤, 许伟平, 张叶廷, 杜志强, 2012
Journal Paper 测绘学报 41 (2), 177-183

Abstract

针对飞行器可视导航中复杂空地环境时空要素统一精准表示的难题,本文提出了面向飞行器可视导航的复杂空地环境动态3维表示的GIS数据模型和相应的时刻数据存储结构,并用UML图进行了描述。该模型综合考虑了复杂空地环境要素多维、动态、边界模糊等特点,刻画了多维动态时空数据在空间、时间、尺度、语义四个方面的特征及其相互关系。最后,以某机场的空地环境数据的组织、分析和可视化为例,验证了该模型的实用性。

大型工程中的WMS数据获取与集成应用方法

韩元利, 刘一平, 王汉东, 朱庆, 2012
Journal Paper武汉大学学报·信息科学版, 2012, 37(6): 741-745

Abstract

面向大型土木工程设计,提出了一种运用WMS共享空间数据源并实现高效应用集成的工程设计应用技术体系。首先,直接针对WMS数据服务器定向开发数据获取应用,通过高效并行多线程实现空间数据的分块网络传输,同时结合本地缓存机制与网络共享,实现了一种双轨存储访问机制;其次,基于独立的应用下载与嵌入的实时线程分配,实现了远程数据的本地化模拟应用环境与分布式共享协同;再次,针对WMS数据的应用,实现了空间数据向工程数据的高精度转换与工程制图出图体系,开发了统一的全球三维可视化平台,用于直观地综合表达各种WMS数据源。

一种八叉树和三维 R 树集成的激光点云数据管理方法

龚俊, 柯胜男, 朱庆, 钟若飞, 2012
Journal Paper测绘学报 41 (4), 597-604

Abstract

车载激光扫描点云数据已经成为数字城市和危机管理等领域越来越重要的三维空间信息源,针对大规模点云数据高效管理的技术瓶颈,提出一种八叉树和三维R树集成的空间索引方法——3DOR树,充分利用八叉树的良好收敛性创建R树叶节点,避免逐点插入费时过程,同时R树平衡结构保证良好的数据检索效率。并还扩展R树结构生成多细节层次(LOD)点云模型,提出一种支持缓存的多细节层次点云数据组织方法。试验证明,该方法具有良好的空间利用率和空间查询效率,支持多细节层次描述能力和数据缓存机制,可应用于大规模点云数据的后处理与综合应用。

Repair and generalization of hand-made 3D building models

Zhao, J., Stoter, J., Ledoux, H., Zhu, Q., 2012
Conference PaperProceedings of the 15th Workshop of the ICA Commission on Generalisation and Multiple Representation jointly organised with EuroSDR Commission 4 - Data Specifications, September 2012, Istanbul, Turkey,10 p.

Abstract

Many 3D GIS applications require 3D building models with different LoD (Level of Detail) that satisfy certain quality criteria. However, because of their complexity, most detailed 3D building models available are still produced manually, which results in inevitable geometric and topological errors. These errors hinder the downstream processing of such models. And existing researches on LoD production either focus on the simplification of smooth polygonal mesh or the generalization of regular prismatic building models. The generalization of detailed 3D building models is still immature. Aiming at producing cleaned models of different LoD for existing hand-made 3D building models, this paper starts by investigating two typical modeling errors of such models, incompleteness and separation. Repair methods with reasonable assumptions of buildings are then proposed for each type of errors. The generalization method based on morphological operations is then employed, coupled with model repair, to generate error-free simplified models.

A triangulation-based hierarchical image matching method for wide-baseline images

Wu, B., Zhang, Y., Zhu, Q., 2011
Journal PaperPhotogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 77 (7), 695-708
Results of the triangulation-based affine-adaptive cross correlation: (a) a reference image with labeled study areas, (b) left image for the study area 1, (c) right image for the study area 1, (d) left image for the study area 2, and (e) right image for the study area 2.

Abstract

This paper presents a triangulation-based hierarchical image matching method for wide-baseline images. The method includes the following three steps: (a) image orientation by incorporating the SIFT algorithm with the RANSAC approach, (b) feature matching based on the self-adaptive triangle constraint, which includes point-to-point matching and subsequent point-to-area matching, and (c) triangulation constrained dense matching based on the previous matched results. Two new constraints, the triangulation-based disparity constraint and triangulation-based gradient orientation constraint, are developed to alleviate the matching ambiguity for wide-baseline images. A triangulation based affine-adaptive cross-correlation is developed to help find correct matches even in the image regions with large perspective distortions. Experiments using Mars ground wide-baseline images and terrestrial wide-baseline images revealed that the proposed method is capable of generating reliable and dense matching results for terrain mapping and surface reconstruction from the wide-baseline images.

Spatial data dynamic balancing distribution method based on the minimum spatial proximity for parallel spatial database

Zhou, Y., Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., 2011
Journal PaperJournal of Software 6 (7), 1337-1344

Abstract

Spatial data balancing distribution can evidently improve the performance of parallel spatial database in shared nothing parallel architecture. Considering spatial locality and unstructured variable length characteristics of spatial data, this paper proposes a dynamic spatial data balancing distribution method under shared nothing parallel database environment. By using Hilbert ordering code to keep spatial locality relationship between spatial objects, the presented method can fulfill spatial data static balancing distribution status, which depends on hierarchically decomposing Hilbert space-filling curve code to allocate approximately even spatial data volume to parallel nodes in distributed network. Then spatial proximity index is introduced to resolve spatial data unbalancing problem caused by spatial database dynamic updating. Through moving spatial data fragments to goal node which is the minimum spatial proximity with data moving out node, the spatial database redistributing strategy can attain dynamic data balance among all network parallel nodes. Our experimental results show that the proposed method can effectively improve parallel performance deterioration resulted from spatial data unbalancing and achieve spatial data dynamic balancing distribution in parallel spatial database.

顾及多细节层次的三维 R 树索引扩展方法

龚俊, 朱庆, 张叶廷, 李晓明, 周东波, 2011
Journal Paper测绘学报 40 (2), 249-255

Abstract

多细节层次表达是三维GIS的重要特征之一。为提高细节层次模型的管理效率,本文提出一种扩展多细节层次功能的三维R树索引方法,通过全局优化和三维聚类分析建立动态三维R树索引,研制了先自下而上、后自上而下全局搜索的节点选择算法和基于k-medoids聚类算法的节点分裂算法,保证节点尺寸均匀、形状规则以及重叠减少。基于良好的三维树形结构,本文扩展了传统的三维R树索引结构,实现R树索引和细节层次模型的无缝集成。为验证本文方法的有效性,通过仿真实验,结果证明了本文方法能很大程度地提升多细节层次三维城市模型数据库的空间查询效率,具有较好的应用前景和实用价值。

基于 R 树索引的三维场景细节层次自适应控制方法

龚俊, 朱庆, 章汉武, 李晓明, 周东波, 2011
Journal Paper测绘学报 40 (4), 531-534

Abstract

三维模型多细节层次的自适应控制是三维GIS和虚拟环境等领域研究的难点问题之一,针对大规模三维城市建模需要,本文介绍了一种基于三维R树索引的多细节层次(以下简称LOD)管理方法,从叶节点层向根节点自动生成LOD模型,并设计实现了视锥体查询和LOD检索的算法。通过实验分析,证明本文的LOD定义参数能够定量调整场景复杂度,进而自适应控制三维模型可视化的细节层次,适合建筑物类型地物的LOD描述。

一种高效的三维犌犐犛数据库引擎设计与实现

朱庆, 李晓明, 张叶廷, 刘刚, 2011
Journal Paper武汉大学学报·信息科学版, 2011, 36(2): 127-132

Abstract

针对大规模三维城市建模与数据库协同应用,设计实现了一种高效的三维GIS数据库引擎,支持基于Oracle 11g的多模式数据库管理;提出了顾及语义的三维空间数据库模型,为地上下室内外三维空间数据的一体化组织管理奠定了基础。介绍了该引擎涉及的多层次三维空间索引、多级缓存、多线程调度以及异步通信传输等关键技术,并用武汉市三维城市模型数据进行了试验分析,验证了该引擎的有效性和可靠性。

3 维 GIS 技术进展

朱庆, 2011
Journal Paper地理信息世界 9 (2), 25-27.

Abstract

从基本概念、应用需求和技术动态等方面就3维GIS技术的发展与演进进行了简要评述,强调了专业化与大众化两种应用对3维GIS提出的不同挑战。

GeoScope: Full 3D geospatial information system case study

Zhang, Y., Zhu, Q., Liu, G., Zheng, W., Li, Z., Du, Z., 2011
Journal PaperGeo-Spatial Information Science 14 (2), 150-156.

Abstract

Aiming at the integrative management and comprehensive applications of large-scale 3D geospatial information covering the full 3D space of a city, this paper briefly introduces the design and implementation of a full 3D GIS platform: GeoScope, which provides a professional solution for the massive full three-dimensional geospatial data integration, management, analysis, visualization, and applications. GeoScope is characterized by: (1) extendible software architecture based on the hierarchical message bus, facilitates multimodal integrative applications of 2D GIS and 3D GIS; (2) unified 3D city models, support multiscale semantic representation of outdoor & indoor and aboveground & underground 3D objects; (3) high-efficient 3D geospatial database engine, supports integrated management of massive 3D geospatial data for real-time applications; and (4) high-performance visualization engine exploiting the massively parallel computation architecture of modern GPUs, supports real-time realistic rendering of large-scale complicated 3D geospatial environments. The successful pilot application of GeoScope is also illustrated with the 3D city models of 8494 km2 of the whole Wuhan City, the largest city in middle China.

Non-cooperative Game Based QoS-Aware Web Services Composition Approach for Concurrent Tasks

Li, H., Zhu, Q., Ouyang, Y., 2011
Conference Paper2011 IEEE International Conference on Web Service (ICWS), Washington, DC, 4-9 July, 444-451

Abstract

Web services make tools which used to be merely accessible to the specialist available to all, and permitting previous manual data processing and analysis tasks to be automated. One of key problem is Web services composition in terms of Quality of Service (QoS). There are many task concurrencies, such as remote sensing image processing, in computation-intensive scientific applications. However, existing Web service optimal combination approaches are mainly focused on single tasks by using "selfish" behavior to pursue optimal solutions. This causes conflicts because many concurrent tasks are competing for limited optimal resources, and the reducing of service quality in services. Based on the best reply function of quantified task conflicts and game theory, this paper establishes a mathematical model to depict the competitive relationship between multitasks and Web service under QoS constraints and it guarantees that every task can obtain optimal utility services considering other task combination strategies. Moreover, an iterative algorithm to reach the Nash equilibrium is also proposed. Theory and experimental analysis show the approach has a fine convergence property, and can considerably enhance the actual utility of all tasks when compared with existing Web services combinatorial methods. The proposed approach provides a new path for QoS-aware Web service with optimal combinations for concurrent tasks.

Knowledge-based building reconstruction from terrestrial video sequences

Tian, Y., Gerke, M., Vosselman, G., Zhu, Q., 2010
Journal PaperISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 65 (4), 395-408
Reconstruction results from extracted line and surface features, guided by the building knowledges

Abstract

The paper presents an automatic method for the reconstruction of building models from video image sequences. These videos may be recorded using a hand-held camera or a camera mounted on a moving car. Such terrestrial video sequences are economic and flexible. Presenting buildings as geometric models–rather than for instance a representation from a simple meshing of 3D points–enables one to perform a wide range of analyses. However, sparse 3D points and 3D edges do not contain topological relations. Therefore, integrating building structure knowledge into the reconstruction steps plays an important role in our method. First, some rules are applied to reasonably group the extracted features. Then, a suitable outline and normal direction are specified for each surface patch. Based on these surface patches, a hybrid model- and data-driven method is used to recover a building model from both the extracted surface patches and hypothesized parts. Using the building structure knowledge leads to a simple and fast reconstruction method, and also enables one to obtain the main structures of buildings. The results show that this method correctly sets up topological relationships between generated surface patches and also obtains reasonable structure models in occluded areas. Therefore, the reconstructed models satisfy requirements for both visualization and analysis.

Multiple close-range image matching based on a self-adaptive triangle constraint

Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., Wu, B., Zhang, Y., 2010
Journal PaperThe Photogrammetric Record 25 (132), 437-453

Abstract

Reliable image matching is an essential and difficult task in digital photogrammetry and computer vision. Possible problems from geometric distortions, illumination changes, scale changes and difficult texture conditions will result in matching ambiguity, especially for close-range image matching. This paper presents a multiple close-range image matching method for surface reconstruction based on a self-adaptive triangle constraint. This method features two aspects. First, the triangles constructed from the previously matched interest points provide strong geometric constraints for the subsequent point matching combined with gradient orientation and disparity constraints. The dynamic update of the triangulation adapts automatically to the changes of image textures. Secondly, a consistency check in object space is performed to remove possible mismatches. Using three sets of actual triple overlapped close-range images for the experiment, the results revealed that the proposed method provides improved matching reliability.

An improved segmentation approach for planar surfaces from unstructured 3D point clouds

Awwad, T.M., Zhu, Q.>, Du, Z., Zhang, Y., 2010
Journal PaperThe Photogrammetric Record 25 (129), 5-23

Abstract

The extraction of object features from massive unstructured point clouds with different local densities, especially in the presence of random noisy points, is not a trivial task even if that feature is a planar surface. Segmentation is the most important step in the feature extraction process. In practice, most segmentation approaches use geometrical information to segment the 3D point cloud. The features generally include the position of each point (X, Y and Z), locally estimated surface normals and residuals of best fitting surfaces; however, these features could be affected by noisy points and in consequence directly affect the segmentation results. Therefore, massive unstructured and noisy point clouds also lead to bad segmentation (over-segmentation, under-segmentation or no segmentation). While the RANSAC (random sample consensus) algorithm is effective in the presence of noise and outliers, it has two significant disadvantages, namely, its efficiency and the fact that the plane detected by RANSAC may not necessarily belong to the same object surface; that is, spurious surfaces may appear, especially in the case of parallel-gradual planar surfaces such as stairs. The innovative idea proposed in this paper is a modification for the RANSAC algorithm called Seq-NV-RANSAC. This algorithm checks the normal vector (NV) between the existing point clouds and the hypothesised RANSAC plane, which is created by three random points, under an intuitive threshold value. After extracting the first plane, this process is repeated sequentially (Seq) and automatically, until no planar surfaces can be extracted from the remaining points under the existing threshold value. This prevents the extraction of spurious surfaces, brings an improvement in quality to the computed attributes and increases the degree of automation of surface extraction. Thus the best fit is achieved for the real existing surfaces

Semantics-based 3D dynamic hierarchical house property model

Zhu, Q., Hu, M., 2010
Journal PaperInternational Journal of Geographical Information Science 24 (2), 165-188
Description of hierarchical levels of detail

Abstract

Aiming at the increasing critical issues of existing 2D plans and map‐based methodology for integrated management of advanced buildings and related dynamic property rights in complicated 3D built environments, a novel semantics‐based 3D dynamic house property model with hierarchical levels of detail is proposed in this paper, based on comprehensive analysis of 3D house property objects and various application requirements. This model is characterized by: (1) 3D geometric semantics: a 3D geometry hierarchy of exterior and interior of buildings is defined; (2) thematic semantics, comprehensive house property object and related property right relationships are illustrated; (3) temporal semantics, dynamic representation of house property driven by both geometric events and property right events is involved. This model facilitates comprehensive data mining to analyze spatial relationships and dynamic change of property rights in real 3D built environments and can also support the sale and lease of real estate, facility management, house planning and so on.

Quantitative analysis of discrete 3D geometrical detail levels based on perceptual metric

Zhu, Q., Zhao, J., Du, Z., Zhang, Y., 2010
Journal PaperComputers & Graphics 34 (1), 55-65
The comparison results of a facade (Eq represents equal interval and exp represents exponential interval)

Abstract

Aiming at the fundamental issue of optimal design of discrete levels of detail (LOD) for the visualization of complicated 3D building façades, this paper presents a new quantitative analytical method of perceptible 3D details based on perceptual metric. First, the perceptual metric is defined as the quantitative indicator of the visual perceptibility of façade details at a given viewing distance. Then, according to the human vision system, an algorithm employing 2D discrete wavelet transform and contrast sensitivity function is developed to extract the value of perceptual metric from the rendered image of the façade. Finally, a perceptual metric function is defined, based on the perceptual metric values extracted at equal interval viewing distances. The minimum detail redundancy model is then proposed for the optimal design of discrete LODs. This method provides a quantitative instruction for generating discrete LODs. The experimental results prove the effectiveness and great potential of this method.

Semantic Modeling Approach of 3D City Models and Applications in Visual Exploration

Weiping Xu; Qing Zhu; Yeting Zhang, 2010
Journal PaperInternational Journal of Virtual Reality 9(3):67-74

Abstract

In recent years, the necessity of the incorporation of semantic information into three-dimensional city models (3DCMs) has become a consensus in 3D GIS field. In order to provide practical support for visual applications concerned with semantics, this paper firstly presents an extended semantic model based on the CityGML standard, which was worked out for the general storage and representation of semantics. In this model, concepts like Room, Corridor and Stair are all derived from concept Space which corresponds to the concept of Room in CityGML. This extension will benefit the indoor structure representation. Geological feature is also supported by the model for the underground analysis. Next, for the promotion of semantic modeling by this model, a semi-automatic process of semantic enrichment is implemented in a data integration tool. It provides an adaptive way to link semantics with pure geometry. Finally, two typical cases of visual exploration are illustrated to prove the model's practicability in a national 3D GIS project of China. One is indoor routing, which adopts this model to extract the geometric path and thus enrich traditional semantic-enhanced navigation routine; another case is unified profiler, where semantics are intergrated in order to fill up the cross section correctly and ensure the topological and semantic consistency.

Design and implementation of 3D model database for general-purpose 3D GIS

Weiping Xu, Qing Zhu, Zhiqiang Du, Yeting Zhang
Journal PaperGeo-spatial Information Science, 13(3):210-215

Abstract

To improve the reusability of three-dimensional (3D) models and simplify the complexity of natural scene reconstruction, this paper presents a 3D model database for universal 3D GIS. After the introduction of its extensible function architecture, accompanied by the conclusion of implicit spatial-temporal hierarchy of models in any reconstructed scene of 3D GIS for general purpose, several key issues are discussed in detail, such as the storage and management of 3D models and related retrieval and load method, as well as the interfaces for further on-demand development. Finally, the validity and feasibility of this model database are proved through its application in the development of 3D visualization system of railway operation.

Contextual Routing and Navigation Method in Road Networks

Li, Y., Zhu, Q., Li, X., 2010
Conference Paper2nd IEEE International Conference on Advanced Computer Control (ICACC), Shenyang, China, 27-29 March

Abstract

In this paper, a novel method, namely contextual routing and navigation, is proposed. This method is based on the author's proposed hierarchical, lane-oriented 3D road network. The key to implement contextual routing and navigation is to adopt cognition-based hierarchical routing strategy and the view-based multi-scale navigation strategy. The two strategies enable users routing on roadway centreline, carriageway or lane and provides 2D, 2.5D and 3D communicating based on user defined context. A prototype is also developed in the VGEGIS system and the experimental results have confirmed the effectiveness and efficiency of the method. The paper will provide a contribution to flexible location-based services by innovatively considering the hierarchical knowledge of the road network system and contextual visualization needs.

Texture data storage method based on hierarchical spatial index

Zhou, D., Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., 2010
Conference Paper2010 International Conference on Audio Language and Image Processing (ICALIP), Shanghai, China, 23-25 November

Abstract

Aiming at the massive data organization and management of textures with various sizes for real-time rendering of large-scale 3D city models, this paper proposes a new method: a texture spatial index tree is built up based on the hierarchical spatial index of 3D geometries, and then the texture data is written into mapping files structure through depth-first and hierarchical iteration for the clustering of data blocks, which facilitates the flexible size-changed disk I/O operations. Experimental results prove such kind of storage is more compact and more effective than single file storage method, and enables the fast access of texture data.

Generalization of tiled models with curved surfaces using typification

Guerckea, R., Zhaob, J., Brennera, C., Zhu, Q., 2012
Conference PaperJoint International Conference on Theory, Data Handling and Modelling in GeoSpatial Information Science, 26-28 May, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Abstract

Especially for landmark buildings or in the context of cultural heritage documentation, highly detailed digital models are being created in many places. In some of these models, surfaces are represented by tiles which are individually modeled as solid shapes. In many applications, the high complexity of these models has to be reduced for more x efficient visualization and analysis. In our paper, we introduce an approach to derive versions at different scales from such a model through the generalization method of typification that works for curved underlying surfaces. Using the example of tiles placed on a curved roof – which occur, for example, very frequently in ancient Chinese architecture, the original set of tiles is replaced by fewer but bigger tiles while keeping a similar appearance. In the first step, the distribution of the central points of the tiles is approximated by a spline surface. This is necessary because curved roof surfaces cannot be approximated by planes at large scales. After that, the new set of tiles with less rows and/or columns is distributed along a spline surface generated from a morphing of the original surface towards a plane. The degree of morphing is dependent on the desired target scale. If the surface can be represented as a plane at the given resolution, the tiles may be converted to a bump map or a simple texture for visualization. In the final part, a perception-based method using CSF (contrast sensitivity function) is introduced to determine an appropriate LoD (level of detail) version of the model for a given viewing scenario (point of view and camera properties) at runtime.

Towards semantic 3D city modeling and visual explorations

Qing Zhu, Junqiao Zhao, Zhiqiang Du, Yeting Zhang, Weiping Xu, Xiao Xie, Yulin Ding, Fei Wang, Tingsong Wang, 2010
Conference Paper5th International Conference on 3D Geo Information, 3-4 November 2010, Berlin, Germany

Abstract

In recent years, the integration of semantics into 3D city models has become a consensus. The CityGML standard laid the foundation for the storage and application of semantics, which boosts the progress of semantic 3D city modeling. This paper reports an extended semantic model based on CityGML and its visual applications under the content of a three-dimensional GIS project of China. Firstly, concepts Room, Corridor and Stair are derived from concept Space which represents the similar concept of Room in CityGML. These concepts will benefit the application of indoor navigation. Geological model is also supported by this model, which enables the underground analysis. Secondly, a semi-automatic data integration tool is developed. The types of semantic concept are defined based on the Technical Specification for Three-Dimensional City Modeling of China which leads to an adaptive way to assign semantics into pure geometry. In order to better visualize the models enriched by semantics, two fundamental techniques, data reduction and selective representation are then introduced. It shows that semantics could not only help improve the performance of exploration tasks but also enhance the efficiency of spatial cognition. Finally, two exploration cases are presented, one is indoor navigation, the semantic model is used to extract the geometric path and a semantics enhanced navigation routine is used, which greatly enriches the connotation of ordinary navigation applications; the other is a unified profiler, in order to fill up the cross-section correctly, semantics are incorporated, which help ensure the topological and semantic consistency.

Spatial data declustering method considering spatial locality for parallel spatial database

Zhou, Y., Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., 2010
Conference PaperSecond IITA International Conference on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, pp. 88 - 91, Qingdao, China, 28-31 Aug

Abstract

Spatial data declustering is an important data processing method for parallel spatial database especially in shared nothing parallel architecture. Spatial data declustering can achieve parallel dataflow to exploit the I/O bandwidth of multiple parallel nodes by reading and writing them in parallel, which can improve the performance of parallel spatial database evidently. Aiming at the unique spatial objects locality, this paper presents a novel spatial data declustering method, which uses Hilbert space-filling curve to impose a linear ordering on multidimensional spatial objects, and to partition spatial objects logical segments according to this ordering to preserve spatial locality of spatial objects, and then to allocate logical segments to physical parallel nodes based on round-robin rule. Experimental results show that the proposed method can obtain well spatial data declustering results.

基于语义匹配的遥感信息处理服务组合方法

朱庆, 杨晓霞, 李海峰, 2010
Journal Paper武汉大学学报·信息科学版, 2010, 35(4): 384-387

Abstract

针对时域、空间、专题、分辨率等多种语义相互关联所导致的遥感信息处理服务组合的准确性难题,提出了一种基于语义匹配的遥感信息处理服务组合方法,包括多层次的遥感信息处理服务语义匹配和渐进精化的服务组合,即时构建与用户需求相关的服务关系与或图,将后续服务选择范围限定在需求相关服务的范围之内,在关系与或图中进行启发式搜索,并选择语义匹配度最高的子图作为服务组合的结果。

基于部件可视锥的复杂目标遮挡剔除方法

张叶廷, 朱庆, 2010
Journal Paper武汉大学学报: 信息科学版 35 (10), 1245-1249

Abstract

针对结构错综复杂的目标实时绘制中的遮挡剔除问题,提出了部件可视锥概念,用一个圆锥区域描述部件在考虑其邻近范围其他部件联合遮挡情况下的可视区域,并提出了基于部件可视锥的遮挡剔除算法,实现了实时绘制过程中可见性的快速判断,并以一个典型的虚拟建筑环境为例测试了本文方法的有效性。实验证明,利用可视锥能简化绘制过程中的可见性识别,大大提高实时绘制效率。

QoS感知的多任务遥感信息服务优化组合非合作博弈模型

李海峰, 朱庆, 杨晓霞, 欧阳怡强, 2010
Journal Paper武汉大学学报·信息科学版, 35(8): 967-970

Abstract

提出了QoS感知的多任务服务优化组合非合作博弈模型,准确刻画了不同任务之间的竞争关系,在此基础上设计了顾及QoS的遥感信息服务优化组合反应函数,为求解遥感信息服务优化组合奠定理论基础。理论和实验分析表明,该模型有利于减少任务并发时的资源冲突,最大化所有任务的平均效用。

An efficient algorithm to plot flooded intertidal areas

Zhang, L., Zhu, Q., Zhang, L., Liang, D., Tian, Y., 2009
Journal PaperComputers & Geosciences 35 (6), 1072-1078

Abstract

The efficient display of flooding in intertidal zones is crucial to coastal applications (e.g., coastal zone management and anti-flood directing systems). This paper proposes a new algorithm to plot flooded intertidal areas. Initially, a digital tide-coordinated shoreline (DTS) is traced on the basis of creating a digital intertidal zone model (DIZM) and an instantaneous water surface model (IWSM). Then unconnected depressions are obtained depending on the type of DTS. At the same time, the algorithm detects unconnected depressions by considering the influences of the changing water level, and creates an index from different water levels to corresponding depressions. Finally, unconnected depressions are effectively handled and flooded areas are plotted correctly. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm results in a more accurate and efficient display than with traditional algorithms.

海洋大气环境的多维动态可视化系统的设计与实现

徐敏, 方朝阳, 朱庆, 林珲, 2009
Journal Paper武汉大学学报 (信息科学版) 34 (1), 57-59

Abstract

根据海洋大气环境的多维动态特征设计了应用于专业领域的可视化系统结构体系,阐述了系统开发的关键技术并实现了系统的开发,最后以一个实例介绍系统的具体应用。

基于多层次事件的三维房产动态表示

朱庆, 胡明远, 黄丽慧, 2009
Journal Paper武汉大学学报: 信息科学版 34 (3), 326-330

Abstract

房产管理的产权对象在三维空间中的变化具有显著的多样性与异步性特征,已有的模型以二维地图方式表达建筑物整体的动态变化,很难准确有效地表达真三维建筑多重产权实体变更的不同步性。本文充分利用房产对象的空间层次关联性及产权单元的语义约束知识,定义了从地块到幢、层、户和权属的多层次事件概念,建立了三维房产从外至内动态表示的概念模型,为三维城市空间中建筑物的变迁以及房地产权属异动的准确表达与时空分析奠定了基础。

采用胶囊体进行三维城市模型的实时碰撞检测

许伟平, 朱庆, 张叶廷, 2009
Journal Paper 武汉大学学报·信息科学版, 2009, 34(9): 1030-1033

Abstract

针对复杂三维城市模型动态可视化中实时碰撞检测的可靠性和高性能需求,充分顾及离散检测与连续检测的特点,建立了视点运动空间的胶囊体模型,并定义了其描述参数,提出了基于该模型进行实时碰撞检测的两步检测算法。其中,预检测用来提高计算效率,而精检测则有力地保证了检测的准确性。利用典型的虚拟建筑环境进行实验,证明了该算法的有效性。

遥感信息聚焦服务的多层次语义约束模型

朱庆, 李海峰, 杨晓霞, 2009
Journal Paper武汉大学学报·信息科学版, 2009, 34(12): 1454-1457

Abstract

针对遥感信息服务中用户需求语义的复杂性,数据维度语义的丰富性,传感器语义的多样性,遥感信息处理语义的错综复杂性和遥感信息传输语义的时变性,从用户语义约束、数据语义约束、处理服务功能语义约束和处理服务质量语义约束等4个不同层次,建立多层次语义约束模型。

A data skew handling method based on the minimum spatial proximity for parallel spatial database

Zhou, Y., Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., 2009
Conference PaperInternational Symposium on Spatial Analysis, Spatial-Temporal Data Modeling, and Data Mining, Wuhan, China | October 13

Abstract

Data skew is one of most important reasons to deteriorate the performance of parallel spatial database. This paper studies the issues of handling data skew in shared nothing parallel spatial database system architecture. A novel data skew handling method is proposed, which fulfill spatial data distribution balancing based on the spatial proximity of data fragments. The minimum spatial proximity is used to be the principle of moving data fragments among different network parallel nodes. Our experimental results show that the proposed data skew handling method can achieve dynamic data load balancing and offer significant improvement for reducing response time of parallel spatial queries.

Spatial Data Dynamic Balancing Distribution Method for Parallel Spatial Database

Zhou, Y., Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., 2009
Conference PaperInformation Engineering and Computer Science, 2009. ICIECS 2009. International Conference on, 19-20 Dec., Wuhan, China

Abstract

Spatial data balancing distribution can evidently improve the performance of parallel spatial database in shared nothing parallel architecture. Considering spatial locality and unstructured variable length characteristics of spatial data, this paper proposes a dynamic spatial data balancing distribution method under shared nothing parallel database environment. By using Hilbert ordering code to keep spatial locality relationship between spatial objects, the presented method can fulfill spatial data static balancing distribution status, which depends on hierarchically decomposing Hilbert space-filling curve code to allocate approximately even spatial data volume to parallel nodes in distributed network. Then spatial proximity index is introduced to resolve spatial data unbalancing problem caused by spatial database dynamic updating. Through moving spatial data fragments to goal node which is the minimum spatial proximity with data moving out node, the spatial database redistributing strategy can attain dynamic data balance among all network parallel nodes. Our experimental results show that the proposed method can effectively improve parallel performance deterioration resulted from spatial data unbalancing and achieve spatial data dynamic balancing distribution in parallel spatial database.

An Extension of "SEQ-NV-RANSAC" Approach To Avoid Bad-Segmentation Cases From Unstructured 3D Point Clouds Using Topology Information

Awwad, T.M., Zhu, Q., Li, Q., 2009
Conference PaperInformation Engineering and Computer Science, 2009. ICIECS 2009. International Conference on, 19-20 Dec., Wuhan, China

Abstract

Recently many applications require an automatic processing of massive unstructured 3D point clouds in order to extract planar surfaces of man-made objects. While segmentation is the essential step in feature extracting process, but bad-segmentation results (i.e. under and over-segmentation) are still standing as a big obstacle to extract planar surfaces with best fit reality. In this paper, we propose an extension of "SEQ-NVRANSAC" approach to avoid the bad-segmentation problems using topology information and intuitive threshold value. First, in order to avoid the under-segmentation problem, we check each one group which resulted from original "SEQ-NV-RANSAC" approach to get all neighbours points which have Euclidean distance less than the threshold value as a one surface group. This process will be repeated until no more points can be adding to that surface group. Then a new surface group will be created to check the remaining points. Second, in order to solve the oversegmentation, we propose three checks; the similarity of normal vectors (NV), the perpendicular distance and the intersection zone using bounding box test.

Optimal Composition Algorithm Concerned with Response Time for Remotely Sensed Image Processing Services

Zhu, Q., Yang, X., Li, H., 2009
Book ChaptersIn: Geospatial Technology for Earth Observation, Li, Deren; Shan, Jie; Gong, Jianya (Eds.), Springer, pp. 381-396. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-0050-0_14 ISBN: 978-1-4419-0049-4

Abstract

As remote sensing technologies have become ever more powerful due to the introduction of multi-platforms and multi-sensors, hundreds of terabytes of image data can be made available daily. But in many cases, raw remotely sensed images are not directly useful without further processing. There are more and more needs to aggregate remotely sensed image processing to satisfy the increasing demands of various applications. Remotely sensed image processing services are modular components that are self-contained, self-describing and can be published, located, and invoked across a network to access and process remote sensing data (Onchaga 2004). Remotely sensed image processing services encapsulate all processing functions into services and combine them into a service chain to provide a valueadded service. The various requirements of users can be achieved by combining different existing data and services into a value-added service chain.

Research and practice in three-dimensional city modeling

Zhu, Q., Hu, M., Zhang, Y., Du, Z., 2009
Journal PaperGeo-spatial Information Science 12 (1), 18-24

Abstract

The way we interact with spatial data has been changed from 2D map to 3D Virtual Geographic Environment (VGE). Three-dimensional representations of geographic information on a computer are known as VGE, and in particular 3D city models provide an efficient way to integrate massive, heterogenous geospatial information and georeferenced information in urban areas. 3D city modeling (3DCM) is an active research and practice topic in distinct application areas. This paper introduces different modeling paradigms employed in 3D GIS, virtual environment, and AEC/FM. Up-to-date 3DCM technologies are evolving into a data integration and collaborative approach to represent the full spatial coverage of a city, to model both aboveground and underground, outdoor and indoor environments including man-made objects and natural features with 3D geometry, appearance, topology and semantics.

Knowledge-based topological reconstruction for building facade surface patches

Tian, Y., Zhu, Q., Gerke, M., Vosselman, G., 2009
Conference Paper3D-ARCH 2009: "3D Virtual Reconstruction and Visualization of Complex Architectures", 25-28 February 2009, Trento, Italy

Abstract

3D city models constructed from ground based data are becoming an interesting and challenging problem as they present the realistic facades, which contain more details than the models constructed from aerial data. Such kind of information is interesting for quite a lot of applications. This paper presents a new method for connecting building façade surface patches that generated from video image sequence, which integrates building structure knowledge into reconstruction. Therefore reasonable and correct topological relationship can be built up between them even when some surface patches are not observed or wrongly detected. The results show our method correctly set up topological relationship between generated surface patches and getting reasonable structure model about area with occlusions

Perceptually guided geometrical primitive location method for 3D complex building simplification

Zhu, Q., Zhao, J., Du, Z., Liu, X., Zhang, Y., 2009
Conference PaperISPRS Archives – Volume XXXVIII-3-4/C3, 2009,'GeoWeb 2009 Academic Track - Cityscapes', 27-31 July,Vancouver, BC, Canada

Abstract

Because of detailed geometrical components based description, 3D complex building contains the most elaborated perceptual and comprehensive semantic information. However, since the lack of optimal simplification method, the automatic LOD generation of such kind of model becomes a bottle neck which prohibited the high-fidelity 3D city applications. This paper proposed a perceptually guided geometrical primitive location method for the optimal simplification of 3D complex buildings. Firstly, the rendered image is snapped and a 2D discrete wavelet transform based human vision system filtering approach is adopted to extract the imperceptible details in the image, and then a kind of visual difference image is generated with sufficient perceptual information. Secondly, a ray-casting like method is proposed to precisely map the perceptual information from the image onto the geometric primitives. The statistics is carried out to determine whether a traced primitive is to be preserved or simplified. The results show that this method is able to efficiently locate the perceptible primitives and leave the imperceptible and undisplayable primitives to be further handled by simplification operations which enable a strong perceptual feature preserved simplification of 3D complex building models.

3D GIS database model for efficient management of large scale underground spatial data

Liu, G., Zhu, Q., He, Z., Zhang, Y., Wu, C., Li, X., Weng, Z., 2009
Conference PaperGeoinformatics, 2009 17th International Conference on 12-14 Aug. 2009, Fairfax, VA, USA

Abstract

One issue of GIS is management of huge amount of spatial data. Nowadays, acquisition capacity of 3D spatial data with various scales and resolutions is much more convenient due to new 3D acquisition technologies. It is a difficulty that how to efficiently and synthetically organize and manage large scale underground 3D spatial data with contents of continuous distribution and nonuniformity. A 3D GIS data management system framework with three layers is proposed to deal with large scale underground data integrated management. The related key issues and methods include: (1) Multi-scale underground spatial object concept model. (2) 3D spatial database model considering spatial and semantic relationship and corresponding data structure is introduced to support extendable storage environment such as file system, typical commercial database management system and cluster parallel system. (3) True 3D spatial index considering level of detail (LOD). (4) Efficient dynamic dispatch method of great amount of 3D spatial data is adopted based on 3D data content and associated information. (5) 3D spatial data engine (SDE) provides a uniform access interface for file management system, relational database management system and cluster parallel system and other applications. The 3D GIS database model focuses on the key issues of massive underground 3D spatial data provides a new way for the high performance database organization and management of true 3D geological data as well as its integration with the aboveground spatial data.

Scheme evaluation of urban design using 3D visual analysis

Zhang, X., Zhu, Q., 2009
Conference PaperInternational Symposium on Spatial Analysis, Spatial-Temporal Data Modeling, and Data Mining, Wuhan, China | October 13, 2009

Abstract

The evaluation of urban landscape and the design of urban space are in need of a scientific visual analysis tool that can wholly include the qualitative analysis, the quantitative analysis and the orientation analysis. With the outstanding saving, management, visualization and analytical functions of 3D space information, 3DGIS can exactly provide powerful technique support for this. Based on the humanistic analysis conception, the concept of visual openness index is introduced, and some visual analysis functions are designed and implemented based on VGEGIS platform. Finally a case study for the application of visual analysis is carried out and the results show that the urban design scheme evaluation is improved distinctively.

A Solution to the Ambiguity Problem in Depth Contouring

Zhang, L., Liu, Y., Zhu, Q., Xiao, F., Henrik, A., 2008
Journal PaperJournal of Applied Sciences 8 (21), 3845-3853

Abstract

Depth contours on a chart are important for safe navigation. The ambiguity problem can appear when points of equal depth are joined in contouring. Unreasonable solutions may mistake a shallow area for a deep one, which could result in a potential danger for navigation. A solution is presented to solve the ambiguity problem using constrained lines formed by two shallow depths. The constrained lines are used to limit the joining of the points with equal depth. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed solution can reduce the dangers of producing non-existent deep areas in bathymetric contouring.

Hierarchical lane‐oriented 3D road‐network model

Zhu, Q., Li, Y., 2008
Journal PaperInternational Journal of Geographical Information Science 22 (5), 479-505
From 2D to 3D road networks

Abstract

The existing road‐network models based on the 2D link‐node of roadway centrelines have inhibited lane‐oriented network flow analysis and multi‐dimensional inventory management in complicated 3D urban environments. This paper proposes a hierarchical lane‐oriented 3D road‐network model (HL‐3DRNM), with a unified modelling language (UML) diagram. HL‐3DRNM is a non‐planar topological model with the support of a 3D lane ribbon cartographic display, which is characterized by: (1) multiple topological and cartographic representations and various abstraction levels (street, road segment, carriageway and lane); and (2) referenced multi‐dimensional road information (point, line, area and volume) at lane level. HL‐3DRNM provides solid mathematical foundations for a more detailed inventory management, effective network analysis and realistic navigation in the increasingly complicated 3D urban transportation systems.

A sub‐pixel location method for interest points by means of the Harris interest strength

Zhu, Q., Wu, B., Wan, N., 2007
Journal PaperThe Photogrammetric Record 22 (120), 321-335
Sub-pixel location of interest points in actual aerial image: (a) the reference image; (b) zoomed image section (4x) with interest points detected by Harris detector (grey x crosses) and their corresponding precise location (black + crosses); (c) zoomed image (15x) section, in which the white dashed lines indicate the actual edge of the road in the square.

Abstract

The sub-pixel location of interest points is one of the most important tasks in refined image-based 3D reconstruction in digital photogrammetry. The interest point detectors based on the Harris principles are generally used for stereoscopic image matching and subsequent 3D reconstruction. However, the locations of the interest points detected in this way can only be obtained to 1 pixel accuracy. The Harris detector has the following characteristics: (1) the Harris interest strength, which denotes the distinctiveness of an interest point, is a grey scale descriptor which computes the gradient at each sample point in a region around the point, and (2) the Harris interest strengths of the pixels in a template window centred on the interest point exhibit an approximately paraboloid distribution. This paper proposes a precise location method to improve the precision of the interest points on the basis of these characteristics of the Harris interest strength. Firstly, a least squares fit of a paraboloid function to the image grey scale surface using the Harris interest strength is designed in a template window and a Gaussian-distance algorithm is employed to determine the weight. Then, the precise coordinates of this interest point are obtained by calculating the extremities of the fitting surface. The location accuracy of this method is studied both from the theoretical and the practical point of view. Experimental analysis is illustrated with synthetic images as well as actual images, which yielded a location accuracy of 0·15 pixels. Furthermore, experimental results also indicate that this method has the desired anti-image-noise and efficiency characteristics.

Propagation strategies for stereo image matching based on the dynamic triangle constraint

Zhu, Q., Wu, B., Tian, Y., 2007
Journal PaperISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 62 (4), 295-308
The propagating process of image matching.

Abstract

For the purpose of reliable stereo image matching, this paper discusses a novel propagation strategy of image matching under the dynamic triangle constraint. Firstly, the construction and the dynamic updating method for the corresponding triangulations on the stereo pairs are introduced, which are used as both constraints and carriers during the matching propagation. Then, three propagation strategies: the stochastic propagation, the adjacent propagation based on the topological relationship of triangles, and the self-adaptive propagation, which considers the texture features are proposed. The detailed algorithms of these three propagation strategies are also presented. To compare these strategies, a stereo pair with typic texture features is employed to describe the different propagation manners of these three strategies, and an experimental analysis is illustrated with different aerial stereo pairs. From test results, the following has been found: (1) stochastic propagation gives the worst matching results; (2) self-adaptive propagation performs better than the adjacent propagation by making use of the global “best first” strategy. From these conclusions, the self-adaptive propagation strategy is recommended for reliable stereo image matching under the dynamic triangle constraint.

An efficient 3D R-tree spatial index method for virtual geographic environments

Zhu, Q., Gong, J., Zhang, Y., 2007
Journal PaperISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 62 (3), 217-224

Abstract

A three-dimensional (3D) spatial index is required for real time applications of integrated organization and management in virtual geographic environments of above ground, underground, indoor and outdoor objects. Being one of the most promising methods, the R-tree spatial index has been paid increasing attention in 3D geospatial database management. Since the existing R-tree methods are usually limited by their weakness of low efficiency, due to the critical overlap of sibling nodes and the uneven size of nodes, this paper introduces the k-means clustering method and employs the 3D overlap volume, 3D coverage volume and the minimum bounding box shape value of nodes as the integrative grouping criteria. A new spatial cluster grouping algorithm and R-tree insertion algorithm is then proposed. Experimental analysis on comparative performance of spatial indexing shows that by the new method the overlap of R-tree sibling nodes is minimized drastically and a balance in the volumes of the nodes is maintained.

A filtering strategy for interest point detecting to improve repeatability and information content

Zhu, Q., Wu, B., Wan, N., 2007
Journal PaperPhotogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 73 (5), 547-553

Abstract

This paper compares several stereo image interest point detectors with respect to their repeatability and information content through experimental analysis. The Harris-Laplace detector gives better results than other detectors in areas of good texture; however, in areas of poor texture, the Harris-Laplace detector may be not the best choice. A featurerelated filtering strategy is designed for the Harris-Laplace detector (as well as the standard Harris detector) to improve the repeatability and information content for imagery with both good and poor texture: (a) the local information entropy is computed to describe the local feature of the image; and (b) the redundant interest points are filtered according to the interest strength and the local information entropy. After the filtering process, the repeatability and information content of the final interest points are improved, and the mismatching then can be reduced. This conclusion is supported by experimental analysis with actual stereo images.

An efficient depression processing algorithm for hydrologic analysis

Zhu, Q., Tian, Y., Zhao, J., 2006
Journal PaperComputers & Geosciences 32 (5), 615-623
Comparison of extraction on a plain region. (a) Extraction result of proposed method. (b) Extraction result of method implemented in ArcGIS.

Abstract

Depression filling and direction assignment over flat areas are critical issues in hydrologic analysis. This paper proposes an efficient approach for the treatment of depressions and flat areas, based on gridded digital elevation models. Being different from the traditional raster neighborhood process which is time consuming, a hybrid method of vector and raster manipulation is designed for depression filling, followed by a neighbor-grouping scan method to assign the flow direction over flat areas. The results from intensive experiments show that there is a linear relationship between time efficiency and data volume, and the extracted hydrologic structures of flat areas are also more reasonable than those proposed by the existing methods.

Seed point selection method for triangle constrained image matching propagation

Zhu, Q., Wu, B., Xu, Z.X., 2006
Journal PaperGeoscience & Remote Sensing Letters IEEE 3 (2), 207-211
Automatic selection of seed points

Abstract

In order to select proper seed points for triangle constrained image-matching propagation, this letter analyzes the affects of different numbers and different distributions of seed points on the image-matching results. The concept of distribution quality is introduced to quantify the distribution of seed points. An intensive experimental analysis is illustrated using two different stereo aerial images and, based on the experimental results, a seed point selection strategy for triangle constrained image-matching propagation is proposed. An automatic selection method is then introduced that gives good distribution quality for a defined number of seed points.

Triangulation of well-defined points as a constraint for reliable image matching

Zhu, Q., Zhao, J., Lin, H., Gong, J., 2005
Journal PaperPhotogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 71 (9), 1063-1069
The matching propagation in a water area of poor texture: (a) initial matching result, (b) further matching result, (c) final matching result.

Abstract

This study demonstrates the utilization of the well-defined points to improve the reliability and accuracy of image matching. The basic principle is: (a) to triangulate a few well-defined points within the stereo model area to form a coarse triangulation; (b) to detect certain amount of corners within each triangle for further matching; (c) to propagate the matching of corner points from the reference points (i.e., the three triangle vertices) to obtain the best matching for each of these corners; (d) to dynamically update the triangulation by inserting the newly matched corner; and (e) to further detect corners and perform matching for them until a pre-defined criteria (the minimum size of triangle or the largest number of points matched) is reached. Experimental results reveal: (a) the false matching caused by the occlusion and repetitive texture is diminished; (b) the accuracy is improved, i.e., with a reduction of RMSE of check points (located in different types of terrain areas) by 12 percent to 62 percent, and a reduction of the largest error by up to two times; and (c) most building corners and boundary points of main objects could be matched directly and accurately.

CyberCity GIS (CCGIS): Integration of DEMs, Images, and 3D Models

Zhong, Z., Zhang, Y., Li, D., Huang, D., Zhu, Q., 2002
Journal PaperPhotogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 68 (4), 361-368

Abstract

This paper examines the differences between CyberCity, three-dimensional (3D) geographic information systems (GIS) and CyberCity GIS (CCGIS). A CyberCity is defined as a virtual representation of a city that enables a user to explore and interact in cyberspace with the vast amount of environmental and cultural information gathered about the city. The technical characteristics of a CyberCity GIS prototype software are reported, including the 3D hierarchical modeling technique, the integrated database structure, and the interactive method of visualization of the 3D data of urban environments. The effective integrated data organization strategy for dynamical loading and progressive rendering, which enables CCGIS to support the development, design and presentation of a large CyberCity, is stressed. A pilot application for municipal planning and land information publications has been implemented. This pilot application proved that the hierarchical 3D modeling method and data model are significant to the 3D GIS; the real-time visualization of a large CyberCity needs elaborate data organization and a dynamic loading strategy.

Effects of Various Factors on the Accuracy of DEMs: An Intensive Experimental Investigation

Gong, J., Li, Z., Zhu, Q., Sui, H., Zhou, Y., 2000
Journal PaperPhotogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 66(9). 1113-1118

Abstract

This paper describes a series of tests that measured the effects of 4 factors (accuracy, density of source data, characteristics of the terrain surface, and modeling approaches) on the accuracy of digital elevation models (DEMs). A large area covered by 2 1:10,000-scale maps was selected for testing. The terrain types ranged from flat to hilly to mountainous. Results and conclusions are provided.

Virtual Geographic Environments

Lin, H., Zhu, Q., 2005
Book ChapterIn: Large-scale 3D Data Integration: Challenges and Opportunities, CRC Press, New York. p. 256

Abstract

Large-scale 3D models are the cutting edge of computer technology for understanding and planning our urban environments and infrastructures. These models have emerged from two modelling structures — systems for architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) and geographic information systems (GIS). The problems and challenges facing today’s modelers, developed for different purposes, focus almost exclusively on data integration — the ability to use data originally developed in one modeling system in the other and vice versa. This need for data transportability is not new, as evidenced by several authors in this volume. What is new is the desire to go beyond various conversion programs into an environment where data is truly integrated, where the modeling framework is more universal, and where data standards cut across software programs and vendor-specific platforms.
This book captures the excitement of researchers, organizations, and vendors in this quest. The border between data structures used within GIS and AEC continues to diminish. As these two principal forms of modeling continue to merge, as the result of increased interest in large-scale 3D models, the need for data structures capable of supporting both types of modeling efforts, as well as new types of modeling efforts that combine the best features of both simple efforts, is manifest.

Multidimensional and dynamic vehicle emergency routing algorithm based on 3D GIS

Zhu, Q., Li, Y., TOR, Y.K., 2008
Book ChapterIn: Geospatial Information Technology for Emergency Response, Taylor & Francis, Inc, Bristol, PA, USA p. 256

Abstract

When disaster occurs, the response phase is viewed as the most critical in terms of saving lives and protecting property. Exploring the development of increased efficiency in emergency services, this volume covers technological advances that allow wider, faster, and more effective utilization of geospatial information. It discusses advances in positioning, virtual reality, and simulation models leading to improved response times in emergency situations. The book also discusses legislative attempts to promote the broader sharing and accessibility of vital information. The authors cover data collection, data production, data management, and 3D routing, as well as lesser known emerging technologies.

数字城市三维建模技术与实践

宁振伟, 朱庆, 夏玉平, 2013
Book测绘出版社, 北京, p. 260. ISBN 978-7-5030-3301-8

Abstract

本书全面、系统总结了城市三维建模技术的最新研究成果,分别对三维城市建模技术规范、三维空间数据获取、三维建模与更新、三维建模资料准备、三维建模工艺与质量控制、三维城市模型集成处理、常用的城市三维建模辅助工具等主要内容进行了详细介绍。本书力求阐述城市三维建模技术的系统性与可操作性,图文并茂,理论与实践相结合,使具备一般计算机技术的工程技术人员都可以读懂本书。

面向任务的遥感信息聚焦服务

李德仁, 朱庆, 朱欣焰, 眭海刚, 2010
Book 科学出版社, p. 204

摘要

书系统介绍了面向任务的遥感信息聚焦服务理论与方法,包括遥感信息共享的多维动态全局逻辑模型——遥感信息球模型,以及基于此模型的任务理解、语义搜索与动态聚合的服务

Digital terrain modeling - principles and methodology

Li, Z., Zhu, Q., Gold, C., 2005
BookCRC Press, New York. p. 340

Abstract

Digital terrain modeling has been a research area for more than 40 years in geo-sciences and has become a rather self-contained subject. Digital Terrain Modeling: Principles and Methodology is the only authored book to provide comprehensive coverage of recent developments in the field. The topics include terrain analysis, sampling strategy, acquisition methodology, surface modeling principles, triangulation algorithms, interpolation techniques, on-line and off-line quality control in data acquisition, DTM accuracy assessment and mathematical models for DTM accuracy prediction, multi-scale representation, data management, contouring, visual analysis (or visualization), the derivation of various types of terrain parameters, and future development and applications

数码城市地理信息系统:虚拟城市环境中的三维城市模型初探

朱庆, 林珲, 2004
Book 武汉大学出版社, 武汉, p. 282.

序言

城市化是一个国家经济发展的重要标志。据联合国《世界城市化展望: 2003年回顾》发布的数字,2003 年世界人口已有48%居住在城市,预计在2007年将达到50%以上,历史上第一次超过农村人口。我国国家统计局最近发布的结果,2003年有40.53%的人口居住在城市,与1990年同项数据18.96%相比,可以看出我国城市化的进程是逐步加快的,发展迅猛。这一方面反映了我国经济的快速增长,另一方面也对我国城市建设及相关的配套设施与政策法规提出了严峻的挑战。面对如此紧迫的形势,加快城市建设信息化的步伐将是解决城市化过程中所出现的各种新老问题的有效办法。
  城市信息化的通俗解释就是建设“数字城市”。它是要构建一个以城市地理空间(Geospace)数据和专题数据为基础,以网络计算和通信为工具,协助“人”来更有效地认识、规划、建设和管理城市,也为“人”的生存、工作、生活和安全提供保障的科技、人文环境。
  朱庆、林珲二位教授的《数码城市地理信息系统》一书的出版正是应对城市信息化建设的新形势,解决“数字城市”建设中的理论与技术问题,并预见城市信息化前景的一本非常及时的专著。作者在城市地理信息系统的概念、原理和方法上设置了一个十分确切的解释空间,搭建了一个建立数字城市地理信息系统的认知框架,并将多年来国内外同行们在这一领域所取得的丰硕成果经过分析、评价之后融入其中。为我们提供了一条能直接而便捷地进入领域核心地带的途径。
  这本书还反映了作者及其团队多年来的科研成果和经验,特别是在数字城市理论方法的深化过程中提出的空间建模、多维分析、数据质量控制等方面的见解,都有很强的启发性和指导意义。
  “数字城市”既是目标,也是一个过程。最终要达到什么样的境界目前还说不太清楚。但是可以肯定的说它不是一个单纯的技术系统,而是一个“以人为本”,人机结合的大型综合集成体系。本书在这个问题上的描述有明显的特色和亮点,尽管国内外的研究探索只是刚刚起步,但方向是清晰的,应该引起我们的重视。例如,书中提出的构建分布式的虚拟地理环境,开始强调人与虚拟环境的交互与关系;讨论了地理协同( Geocollaboration)理论在分布式虚拟地理环境中的应用,这必然会引出认知主体和客体,虚拟与实在( Reality)等跨计算机、心理学和哲学的多种问题,并将引导“数字城市”研究与开发的深化。
  在全球化的网格(Grid)技术的新环境中,城市信息化建设将有新的思路和新的举措。本书可以为这一即将到来的新变革打下一个稳固的基础。感谢作者多年的工作及在地理信息科学的学术交流方面所做的努力和贡献。

前言

城市在这个星球上的出现已经有了五千多年的历史。然而,大规模城市化是过去一百多年中发生的事情。城市的发展是与创新分不开的,这里不仅是指科技方面的创新,也包括文化方面的创新。例如,云南丽江古城凭借文化创新也迎来了发展的机会。近二十年来,城市信息化似乎成为许多中国城市发展的创新契机,并被冠以“数字城市”建设的美喻。与此同时,我们也应该看到城市本身的发展对于城市信息化也提出了挑战。譬如,珠江三角洲和长江三角洲城市群的协调发展,也呼唤出“城市群地理信息系统”的新思路。
  近年来,受到“数字地球”(digital earth)概念的影响,“数字城市”(digital city)在不同的认识层次和学科领域得到了不同的理解,因而具有两层明显不同的含义:广义上被用于描述城市信息化的目标,而狭义上则主要指城市空间信息基础设施。不管如何理解,城市地理信息系统都是其重要的核心内容,并正在积极向动态、多维和网络化方向发展。为了突出虚拟现实技术在城市空间信息交流方面的重要意义,“虚拟城市”(virtual city)也被用于描述通常由三维场景组成的城市地区,用户能够在里面移动和交互。
  城市逼真的三维数字表示由于其在城市基础设施管理、无线通讯网络规划、城市开发决策支持、污染分布仿真、土木工程与军事行动支持等众多领域显现出巨大的应用潜力,从而成为普遍关注的热点问题。如何从二维地理信息系统向城市环境三维描述(三维地理信息系统)转变正日益成为城市数据管理的时髦问题。城市的三维逼真描述——三维城市模型不仅具有传统虚拟现实表现的高度真实感,而且具有三维GIS数据库管理与分析应用等特殊功能并能与其他社会经济信息互联。因此,三维城市模型常被作为CyberCity的代名词,有关其数据获取与管理的研究受到了广泛重视。格林(Gruen)等学者将三维城市模型数据库系统称为“CyberCity Spatial Information System”(CyberCity空间信息系统)。针对城市地理环境应用,笔者认为CyberCity Geographic Information System(CyberCity GIS)的提法更为恰当,并将其翻译为数码城市地理信息系统。我们认为,数码城市地理信息系统是“数字城市”空间数据基础设施的重要组成部分,也是“虚拟城市”的核心内容;同时,也将其作为GIS向“虚拟地理环境”(virtual geographic environment)方向发展的一个初步原型。因此,本书以“数码城市地理信息系统——虚拟城市环境之三维城市模型初探”作为书名。
  尽管有关三维城市模型的研究与实践在国内外已经十分广泛,但大多数成果由于立足于特定的有限领域而且都还是分散的、不全面的。比如,广泛应用于城市规划设计评价和旅游目的的各种“虚拟城市”往往侧重于其逼真的视觉表现,而忽略了可靠的空间数据获取方法和灵活的海量数据管理与分析能力。本书力图比较全面地论述当今国内外关于数码城市地理信息系统最先进的理念和研究进展,从摄影测量与遥感和地理信息工程的角度着重论述三维城市模型的数据内容与数据快速获取方法,多种类型数据的一体化管理与集成应用,海量数据的动态交互式可视化等关键技术,为我国正在开展的城市数字化工程建设提供必要的理论铺垫和技术支持。相比其他领域,城市问题具有特别的复杂性,其对 GIS技术提出了更高的要求。因此,本书关于数码城市地理信息系统的理论方法和关键技术对数字化国土、数字化战场环境和地下工程等其他相关领域的应用实践也具有一定的适用性。同时,本书集中反应了数码城市地理信息系统平台软件CCGIS4.0(2003年度国产GIS软件测评推荐软件)研发和大量工程应用实践的成果,争取在理论研究及技术应用两方面均获得发展和创新,体现先进性、系统性、实用性和可操作性的时代要求。当然,由于研究工作的局限,有关虚拟城市环境的其他问题如时态、城市人文环境等还有待在今后的版本中予以充实。书中的许多观点也期待进一步更加广泛的争论。
  本书的完成还得到了许多人直接或间接的无私贡献。有关数码城市地理信息系统的研究与实践一直得到了武汉大学李德仁院士和龚建雅教授的关心与支持。李德仁院士在百忙中审阅了书稿,提出了宝贵的建议并给予了鼓励。解放军信息工程大学高俊院士不顾繁忙的学术活动亲自审阅全书并欣然作序,使本书增色许多,令作者深受鼓舞。要感谢测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室(武汉大学)和地球信息科学联合实验室(香港中文大学)有关的教师、博士研究生和硕士研究生们给予的极大支持。在几年前首次策划本书内容时,香港理工大学的李志林教授提出了许多宝贵的意见和建议,它们已经体现在今天的书稿当中。作者要感谢眭海刚博士,吴波、赵杰、黄铎、张霞、胡海棠、王静文、韩李涛、李逢春、龚俊、张叶廷、钟正等博士研究生,高玉荣和周艳等硕士研究生的辛勤付出。同时,作者还要感谢香港裘搓基金会赞助朱庆在香港中文大学地球信息科学联合实验室的访问和学术交流,使其有机会与龚建华研究员、辛晓红博士、沈大勇博士、孔云峰博士、杨育彬博士、李响、赵一斌、施晶晶和王纲胜等博士研究生进行深入讨论,并有颇多收益。本书得到了国家973项目“虚拟现实的基础理论、算法及其实现”(2002CB312101)、 国家863项目“ 虚拟地理环境的研究与开发 ”( 2001AA135130)和国家自然科学基金项目“多种类型大型空间数据库集成方法”(40001017)的资助。
  最后,作者要感谢武汉大学出版社责任编辑任翔先生以及参与本书出版编辑工作的所有老师艰苦细致的审编工作,使该书顺利面世。
朱庆、 林珲
2004年2月20日
     香港中文大学 未圆湖畔

数字高程模型(第二版)

李志林, 朱庆, 2003
Book 武汉大学出版社, 武汉,p. 296

序言

数字化是在本世纪 50年代电子计算机出现后才提出的新概念,而数字高程模型(DEM)的概念在1958年就已经提出了。到了今天,数字高程模型作为地球表面地形的数字描述和模拟已成为空间数据基础设施和“数字地球”的重要组成部分。几十年来对数字高程模型的研究始终方兴未艾、十分活跃。从1972年起国际摄影测量与遥感学会(ISPRS)一直把 DEM作为主题、组织工作组进行国际性合作研究。
  尽管有关DEM的论著和论文非常之多,但是,当我读到由李志林和朱庆写的这本书时,我仍然激动不已,一口气把它读完。我为这本书中的理论创造性、方法的实用性和对数字化生产的指导性而兴奋,中国的地球空间信息学后继有人!
  本书用简洁的语言,有条理地、系统而全面地论述了数字高程模型的概念、数据获取、建模方法、精度分析模型等。书中对由格网数据建立DEM的表面精度所作的深入分析和对DEM精度与格网间隔及等高距关系的分析具有理论创造性,是本书的一闪光点。
  为了推动DEM数据库的建立,作者集中力量对数字高程模型生产的质量控制、数据组织和高程内插方法进行了深入分析,并介绍了生产中的项目设计和数据库建库方法,这些叙述是基于作者在“九五”国家测绘局重点科技攻关项目中的实际工作和调查研究得到的结果,具有实际推广应用价值。
  对于DEM的应用,本书侧重介绍了数字地形分析、可视化和在土木工程、水利工程、环境工程及GIS中的应用。这些论述对推动DEM在各领域的应用,乃至在“数字地球”中的应用有实际意义。
  可喜的是本书的主要研究成果已在吉奥之星(GeoStar)GIS软件中得以实现,相应的软件模块GeoTIN和GeoGrid已在我国“七大江河”1:10000DEM和全国1:50000DEM数据库建立中立下功劳,成为1999年国家科技部的推荐软件。
  基于以上的理由,我愿向广大读者,包括科研、教学、生产和管理方面的读者推荐这本书。长江后浪推前浪,江山代有人才出!也希望本书的作者们不断努力,创造更大的辉煌!

前言

数字地形模拟是针对地形地貌的一种数字建模过程,这种建模的结果通常就是一个数字高程模型(DEM)。自从五十年代后期开始被用于公路设计以来,DEM受到了极大的关注,并在测绘土木工程、地质、矿山工程、景观建筑、道路设计、防洪、农业、规划、军事工程、飞行器与战场仿真等领域得到了广泛应用。
  随着科学技术特别是计算技术和空间技术的迅速发展,在DEM的数据获取方法、数据存储和数据处理速度等方面已经取得突破性进展,数字地形模拟已经成为地球科学重要的分支之一。实际上,由于地理信息系统(GIS)的普及,DEM作为数字地形模拟的重要成果已经成为国家空间数据基础设施(NSDI)的基本内容之一,并被纳入数字化空间数据框架(DGDF)进行规模化生产。今天,数字高程模型DEMs已经成为独立的标准的基础产品,并越来越广泛地被用来代替传统地形图中等高线对地形的描述。显然,跟过去提供等高线地形图一样,提供DEMs也已成为各勘测部门的基本任务和日常工作之一。全国范围内的DEMs等价于中小比例尺的基本地形图,而其他大比例尺、高精度的DEMs则与更大比例尺的地形图相当。这些高精度DEMs无疑将由更多的地方或专业部门提供。随着各种精度级别DEMs的普遍可得,过去许多潜在的应用领域现在已经变成十分重要的用户。DEMs作为地球空间框架数据的基本内容,是各种地理信息的载体,在国家空间数据基础设施的建设和数字地球战略的实施进程中都具有十分重要的作用。为了推动DEMs的生产和应用,有必要推出一本内容翔实涉及面广的著作。换句话说,经过40來年的发展,DEMs的理论基础和涉及的主要技术方法都已经成熟,这些理论与技术应该被归纳总结到这样的书中,这也是作者们致力于该项工程的主要原因。
  综合作者们十多年来在该领域的研究开发成果、汇集国内外最新的理论与技术成就,我们推出了这本著作。本书首次系统全面地论述了DEMs的概念、数据源、数据获取、建模方法、精度模型、质量控制、数字分析、可视化与应用等基本理论与关键技术,并介绍了实用的生产项目设计和数据库建设的方法。其中,绝大部分内容都是经过作者实际工作考察和对比分析后取得的成果,具有较强的针对性和应用参考价值,许多先进的技术方法都已体现在吉奥之星(GeoStar)地理信息系统系列软件中,并在生产实践中得到了广泛采用。本书力求能为与地学相关学科的各类专业技术(管理)人员进行科学研究、教学、生产和管理等工作提供较完整实用的理论依据与技术参考。
  本书是在中国科学院和中国工程院院士、测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室主任李德仁教授的热情鼓励和指导下完成的。承蒙他在百忙中审阅全书并作序,特此表示深深的敬意和感谢。感谢测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室常务副主任、首批“长江学者奖励计划”特聘教授龚健雅博士审阅全书并提出宝贵意见。 感谢研究生周艳、高玉荣和王丽圆同学在资料整理过程中付出的大量艰辛劳动。 我们也非常感谢武汉大学出版社把本书作为她的“数字地球丛书”之一跟读者见面。

Currrent Teaching

  • Present 2015

    数字地表建模与分析

    研究生课程,36学时,西南交通大学

  • Present 2013

    三维GIS技术基础

    研究生课程,西南交通大学

Teaching History

  • 2011 2006

    数字地表建模的原理与方法

    研究生课程,36学时,武汉大学

  • 2006 2006

    数字地表模拟

    研究生课程,36学时,武汉大学

  • 2004 2004

    Digital Terrain Modeling: Principles and Methodology

    研究生课程,36学时,武汉大学

  • 2004 2003

    GIS最新进展之三维表示

    研究生课程,武汉大学

  • 2004 2000

    数字高程模型与数码城市

    博士生课程,武汉大学

  • 1996 1995

    摄影测量原理(英语)

    两期留学生班,西南交通大学

  • 1991 1990

    铁路工程测量

    上、下册共两学期,西南交通大学

研究生名单

  • image

    Current Staff

    # 姓名 类别 年份 研究方向 联系方式
    刘华俊 博士后 2011- 讲师,武汉大学计算机学院
    许伟平 博士 2010- 武汉大学,
    何美章 博士 2011- 武汉大学,
    谢潇 博士 2011- 武汉大学,
    吴晨 博士 2012- 武汉大学,
    仇林遥 博士 2013- 武汉大学,
    熊庆 博士 2013- 武汉大学,
    苗双喜 博士 2013- 西南交通大学,
    汤圣君 博士 2014- 武汉大学,
    刘铭崴 博士 2014- 西南交通大学,
    张骏骁 博士 2014- 西南交通大学,
    宁新稳 博士 2014- 西南交通大学,
    王峰 博士 2015- 西南交通大学,
    冯斌 博士 2015- 西南交通大学,
    李赟 博士 2015- 西南交通大学,
    何小波 硕士生 2013- 西南交通大学
    李楚淮 硕士生 2013- 西南交通大学
    冯斌 硕士生 2013- 西南交通大学
    彭雷 硕士生 2013- 西南交通大学
    李媛 硕士生 2013- 武汉大学
    何锐 硕士生 2013- 武汉大学
    何峰 硕士生 2013- 武汉大学
    王帅 硕士生 2013- 武汉大学
    吴志春 硕士生 2013- 西南交通大学
    王烨萍 硕士生 2014- 西南交通大学
    李佩瑶 硕士生 2014- 西南交通大学
    杨攀 硕士生 2014- 西南交通大学
    陈崇泰 硕士生 2014- 西南交通大学
    许 丽 硕士生 2014- 西南交通大学
    王 峰 硕士生 2014- 西南交通大学
    赵 霞 硕士生 2014- 武汉大学测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室
    韩会鹏 硕士生 2014- 武汉大学测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室
    刘硕 硕士生 2014- 武汉大学测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室
    戴运波 硕士生 2015- 武汉大学测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室
    韩颖颖 硕士生 2015- 武汉大学测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室
    李 静 硕士生 2015- 武汉大学测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室
    曾浩炜 硕士生 2015- 西南交通大学
    刘 畅 硕士生 2015- 西南交通大学
    陈兴旺 硕士生 2015- 西南交通大学
    陈凯峥 硕士生 2015- 西南交通大学
    付 萧 硕士生 2015- 西南交通大学
    翁其强 硕士生 2015- 西南交通大学
    张 涛 硕士生 2015- 西南交通大学
    曾诗晴 硕士生 2015- 西南交通大学
    黄晟智 硕士生 2015- 西南交通大学
    张昀昊 硕士生 2015- 西南交通大学
  • image

    Alumni

    # 姓名 类别 年份 毕业论文 联系方式
    李朝奎 博士后 2002-2003
    彭仪普 博士后 2003-2004
    王伟玺 博士后 2007-2013
    韩元利 博士后 2011-2013
    黄铎 博士 2001级
    赵杰 博士 2001级
    施冬 博士 2001级 合带
    张叶廷 博士 2002-2008 武汉大学测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室,副教授
    张霞 博士 2002级
    钟正 博士 2003级 武汉大学,
    吴波 博士 2003级 香港理工大学土地测量与地理咨询学系,副教授
    韩李涛 博士 2003级
    李逢春 博士 2003级
    王静文 博士 2003级
    龚俊 博士 2003级 南昌师范大学,教授,
    杜志强 博士 2004-2007 武汉大学测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室,副教授
    李渊 博士 2004-2007
    周艳 博士 2004-2008 电子科技大学,副教授
    张立华 博士 2004-2007
    徐胜华 博士 2004-2007
    王庆国 博士 2004-2007
    田一翔 博士 2005-2011 与ITC联合培养,现同济大学,副教授
    胡明远 博士 2005-2008 香港中文大学,副研究员
    杨晓霞 博士 2005-2009 成都理工大学,讲师
    缪明 博士 2005-2012(结业) 与ITC联合培养,现同济大学,副教授
    王伟玺 博士 2005-2007 联合培养
    周东波 博士 2006-2010 华中师范大学,副教授
    李海峰 博士 2006-2009 中南大学,副教授
    Tarek 博士 2006-2010
    王竟雪 博士 2006-2010 联合培养,辽宁理工大学,讲师
    李晓明 博士 2007-2011
    黄丽惠 博士 2007-2014(结业)
    张云生 博士 2008-2011 中南大学,副教授
    赵君峤 博士 2008-2011 同济大学,副教授
    曹振宇 博士 2008-2014
    于杰 博士 2009-2013 武汉大学,讲师
    谭笑 博士 2009-2015 海军工程学院,副教授
    韩贤权 博士 2009-2014
    汤蕊黛 博士 2010-2013
    丁雨淋 博士 2011-2014 香港中文大学,副研究员
    胡翰 博士 2012-2015 香港理工大学,博士后
    黄 铎 硕士 1999-2002
    张珊珊 硕士 1999-2002
    李霞飞 硕士 1999-2002
    姚雪峰 硕士 1999-2002
    宋成芳 硕士 1999-2002
    王金英 硕士 1999-2002
    华 丽 硕士 1999-2002
    陆宇红 硕士 2000-2003
    田永军 硕士 2000-2003
    徐 鹏 硕士 2001-2004
    高玉荣 硕士 2001-2004
    王丽园 硕士 2002-2005
    杨卫军 硕士 2002-2005
    张 颖 硕士 2002-2005
    陈松林 硕士 2002-2005
    卢丹丹 硕士 2003-2006
    胡明远 硕士 2003-2006
    李 娟 硕士 2003-2006
    夏慧琼 硕士 2003-2006
    陈 晟 硕士 2003-2006
    向 浩 硕士 2003-2006
    林苏靖 硕士 2003-2006
    徐志祥 硕士 2003-2006
    候澄宇 硕士 2003-2006
    冯 亮 硕士 2003-2006
    李 鹏 硕士 2004-2007
    陈望婷 硕士 2004-2007
    闻 平 硕士 2004-2007
    万 能 硕士 2004-2007
    许正权 硕士 2004-2007
    李 毅 硕士 2004-2007
    宋沙磊 硕士 2004-2007
    张 建 硕士 2004-2007
    王 栋 硕士 2004-2007
    李 毅 硕士 2004-2007
    黄文举 硕士 2004-2007
    王 栋 硕士 2004-2007
    樊 妙 硕士 2004-2007
    蒋 蕾 硕士 2005-2008
    徐 婵 硕士 2005-2008
    查祝华 硕士 2005-2008
    文 琳 硕士 2005-2008
    郑艳冰 硕士 2005-2008
    徐 敏 硕士 2005-2008
    查祝华 硕士 2005-2008
    谭俊华 硕士 2005-2008
    李 晔 硕士 2005-2008
    何润才 硕士 2006-2008
    梁银川 硕士 2006-2008
    魏征 硕士 2006-2008
    周 琪 硕士 2006-2008
    周 宇 硕士 2006-2008
    欧阳怡强 硕士 2007-2009
    刘晓春 硕士 2007-2009
    赵文豪 硕士 2007-2009
    曹晓勤 硕士 2007-2009
    时晨 硕士 2007-2009
    梁安宝 硕士 2007-2009
    李楠 硕士 2007-2009
    李行义 硕士 2008-2010
    钟晨 硕士 2008-2010
    董建 硕士 2008-2010
    刘广辉 硕士 2008-2010
    王庭松 硕士 2008-2010
    李琳 硕士 2009-2011
    王飞 硕士 2009-2011
    苗双喜 硕士 2009-2011
    吴木生 硕士 2009-2011
    李俏雄 硕士 2009-2011
    李三立 硕士 2009-2011
    李赟 硕士 2009-2011
    陈侈 硕士 2009-2011
    孙晓雄 硕士 2010-2012
    徐寅 硕士 2010-2012
    沈彦男 硕士 2010-2012
    陈克武 硕士 2010-2012
    潘潇 硕士 2010-2012
    惠鹏 硕士 2010-2012
    陈旭 硕士 2010-2012
    王诗杰 硕士 2011-2013
    徐冠宇 硕士 2011-2013
    王诗杰 硕士 2011-2013
    王京晶 硕士 2011-2013
    罗盼 硕士 2011-2014
    苏栋 硕士 2012- 自主创业
    朱园媛 硕士 2012-2015
    黄敏儿 硕士 2012-2015
    肖宏宇 硕士 2012-2015

学习资料

成都

我的办公室在西南交通大学四号办公楼,本院其他教职员工也在此办公。

办公时间为早上8点至下午5点,同时也可预约时间。

武汉

在武汉大学测绘遥感信息工程国家重点实验室内,你可以找到杜志强和张叶廷两位老师。

同时也有为数不少的小组硕士和博士生同学。